The Water Shortage in Australia
First of all it is necessary to define what the term “water shortage” means. For some people, it means having to constantly traverse long distances just to reach a source of fresh water and to collect it. For others, water shortage means to content themselves with water only for a part of day. And finally, there are some regions in which people suffer from droughts that lead to a great amount of deaths. Therefore, in modern world problem with deficiency in fresh water has become burning question, which needed immediate solution.
According to Peter Rogers, it is not right to consider that providing drinking water is problem that affects only developing nations with dense population. It is easy to see that shortages of freshwater are meanwhile growing more common in developed countries as well, e.g. USA, Australia and UK. In this essay I will study and analyze reasons of critical situation which exist in Australia.(Rogers, 2008)
Firstly, Australia is a very dry continent. Compared with other lands rainfall in Australia is on the low level. Hence, the dry climate on the most part of continent leads to droughts and bushfires, which are corollaries of water shortage. The most life-threatening situation is placed into Murray-Darling River Basin in the southeast Australia, one of the biggest catchments area in the world. In recent years the territory, which surrounded it shriveled up and burned off in prodigious wildfires. It was the sequence of incorrect government policy that divided up the river among the consumers and “allowed the participants to trade water and market water rights”. Moreover, this problem causes not only humans, but also natural inhabitants of water ecosystems – water and marsh plants, which help to maintain sufficient level of sanitation and hygiene. (Rogers, 2008)
Beth Clarke reports that because of weather changes and growing urban population problem, which earlier concerned only countryside, now shifted into the cities. In support of this data she says that our society “is moving rapidly into urban areas, and, as a result, we’re experiencing more and more water shortage problems”. (Clarke, 2013) As already mentioned, another problem, which has considerable influence on this situation, is climate change. It is generally known, that climate is closely related with local rainfall and water availability. Peter Rogers claims that surveys, which investigate the effects of climate change on water availability by 2025 display that it will bring scarcity to loads of places. It is expected that climate change will exacerbate aridity and reduce supply in many regions, which lead to droughts. (Rogers, 2008) It came to the “Mighty Murray", one of the Australia’s major river, is on the verge of collapse: in some places, children can jump over it. (Water Use, 2011)
One more reason for existing situation is irrational waste of water. If we want to find an adequate solution to this problem,...