Watergate, the greatest scandal of the 20th century, remains a shrouded mystery. Early on the morning of June 17, 1972, there was a break-in and several burglars were arrested inside the office of the Democratic National Committee’s headquarters in the Watergate Office complex building located in Washington, D.C. Thus began a series of events that would shake the public’s confidence in its most visible symbol of American authority and prestige: the presidency of Richard Nixon. A seemingly random robbery at a Washington, D.C. building leads to the first presidential resignation in American history. We will discuss the following events surrounding the Watergate break-in: when did the break-in occur, how was Nixon connected to the break-in. We will also discuss the events surrounding the discovery of the tapes, the issues involved in trying to get the tapes from President Nixon and what is the "18 1/2 minutes of silence". Finally, throughout this paper we will also include Archibald Cox the first Watergate special prosecutor.
This was no ordinary robbery that happened on the morning of June 17, 1972. The burglars were connected to President Richard Nixon’s reelection campaign, and the prowlers had been caught while attempting to wiretap phones and steal secret documents. The historians of this decade are not sure whether or not President Richard Nixon knew about the Watergate espionage operation before it happened. However, History.com states, President Nixon, okayed steps to cover it up afterwards, raising “hush money” for the burglars, trying to stop the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from investigating the crime, destroying evidence and firing uncooperative staff members (History.com, 2014). Archibald Cox, the first special prosecutor assigned to the case asked President Nixon if he was involved in the cover-up the President said no. It later came to light that Nixon was not being truthful. Archibald Cox’s found out what
President Nixon did a few days after the break-in provide hundreds of thousands of dollars in “hush money” to the burglars.
Furthermore, he and his aides hatched a plan to instruct the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to impede the FBI’s investigation of the crime. This was a more serious crime than the break-in it was an abuse of presidential power and a deliberate obstruction of justice. Meanwhile, seven of the conspirators were indicted on charges related to the Watergate cover-up. At the urging of Nixon’s aides, five pleaded guilty and avoided trial; the other two were convicted in January 1973. Some of Nixon’s conspirators began to crack under the pressure of the cover-up. Some of Nixon’s aides, including White House counsel John Dean, testified before a grand jury about the president’s crimes; they also testified that Nixon had secretly taped every conversation that took place in the Oval Office. The special prosecutor Archibald Cox’s wanted to get his hands on those tapes. The tapes would be proof...