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How The Civil War Affected The Relations Between The North And South/Contibutions To "Civil War"...

562 words - 2 pages

The "Dred Scott" case was a major lawsuit decided upon by the United States Supreme Court in 1857 on the many slavery issues between the sections of the states. The lawsuit ruled that people of African descent, whether or not they were slaves, could never be citizens of the United States. It also was ruled that Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in any of the federal territories. This ruling created an enormous upheaval between the North and South and also was one of the many leading factors that contributed to the War for Southern Independence.Understandable Northern fears that the slave power had already controlled the government, and Southern fears of losing control of the Federal government to antislavery forces are the differences that brought the sectional crisis to a beginning in the late 1850s. Many northerners felt that parts of the "Dred Scott" decision, specifically the nullification of the Missouri Compromise on constitutional grounds, were unlawful because they were not necessary for arriving at a decision in the case. They charged that after Chief Justice Taney had shown that Dred Scott, as a Negro, had no right to bring a case into a federal court, he should have ended his decision, instead of going on to declare that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. The "Dred Scott" decision also served as an eye-opener to Northerners who believed that slavery was tolerable as long as it stayed in the South. They argued that if the decision took away any power that Congress once had to regulate slavery in new territories, then slavery could quickly expand into much of the western United States; and once slavery was...

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