When initially asked about the morality of lying, it is easy for one to condemn it for being wrong or even corrupt. However, those asked are generally guilty of the crime on a daily basis. Lying is, unfortunately, a normal aspect of everyday life. In the essay “The Ways We Lie,” author Stephanie Ericsson makes note of the most common types of lies along with their consequences. By ordering the categories from least to most severe, she expresses the idea that lies enshroud our daily lives to the extent that we can no longer between fact and fiction. To fully bring this argument into perspective, Ericsson utilizes metaphor, rhetorical questions, and allusion.
Core Question 1: Why does the ...view middle of the document...
This shows that Ericsson uses a metaphor to prove that lying is rampant in society because it is an effective method of hooking the audience into the main points of the essay.
Core Question 2: Why does the author ask so many rhetorical questions on page 128, paragraph 36?
Ericsson utilizes rhetorical questions to reiterate her argument to her audience. In the second-to-last paragraph, she states, “How much do we tolerate before we become sick and tired of being sick and tired? When will we stand up and declare our right to trust? When do we stop accepting that the real truth is in the fine print? Whose lips do we read this year when we vote for president? When will we stop being so reticent about making judgments? When do we stop turning over our personal power and responsibility to liars?” In this line, Ericsson is basically asking the same question in different terms: When will we stop lying? All of these relate to each category of lying previously listed within the essay. These rhetorical questions are initially asked to bring the audience back to the categories of lies. After the audience is reminded of them, they serve as a way to reiterate the argument. They are asked in a manner that questions the ideas behind lying, including presidents, stereotypes, etc. This shows that rhetorical questions are used to reiterate her argument because they connect to previous points from the essay and build upon the main argument that lies are a large part of society.
Core Question 3: Why does the author allude to religion on page 124, paragraph 18?
Ericsson uses allusion to connect to further connect to her audience. She states, “For instance, one day I found out that rabbinical legends tell of another woman in the Garden of Eden before Eve…Lilith was a proud goddess who defied Adam’s need to control her, attempted negotiations, and when this failed, said adios and left the Garden of Eden.” In this...