The Welfare Reform Law Essay

1117 words - 4 pages

Since the Welfare reform law was introduced in 1996 it has impacted American society greatly. The new welfare policy, named the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), replaced the Aid to Family and Dependent Children (AFDC) program; they have five known differences that only affect the ones who need the assistance. Critics argue that the TANF has negatively impacted the society while some argue that it has not. Linda Burnham, author of “Welfare Reform, Family Hardship & Woman of Color,” asserts that “welfare reform has increased the hardship faced by many women leaving welfare for work and their movement into low-wage jobs, exposes them to higher level of housing insecurities, homelessness, food insecurity, and hunger.” She also argues that women of color “are especially vulnerable to the negative impact of welfare reform” (38).
TANF and AFDC differ in many ways: 1) TANF provides a block grant to individual states, 2) there is no longer a guarantee of cash assistant to all eligible individuals, 3) recipients may receive benefits for no more than five years over a life time, 4) recipients must adhere to work requirement to receive benefits, and 5) current and future legal immigrants are denied benefits until citizenship (O’Campo & Rojas-Smith 421). The fact that TANF is restricted for a maximum of five years has adverse consequences for the needy. Five years is often too short for recipients to gain independence.
The reality that exists for these individuals is different than that which is assumed by many. People assume that recipients are lazy and that they do not want to work, or that they are very promiscuous women who have children in order to continue receiving help from the government. The realities for these individuals are that they are neither lazy nor promiscuous. These are often times women who work full time jobs in order to meet their family’s needs.
One main effort of welfare reform is to replace public assistance with earnings. To date, politicians and welfare reform advocates have applauded the efforts and claimed success. However, lurking at the surface of welfare-to-work policies are serious problems and structural impediments. Lack of jobs, low pay, job-readiness, and difficulties in securing ancillary supports like transportation and child care are obvious problems that are not easily resolved. Full-time low-wage work does not provide enough income to support families, nor does it accommodate the demands that full-time parents have. These problems plague welfare-to-work efforts and make life very difficult for poor, single-mother families. At the same time, they create an opportunity to consider the value of care giving work and to reform the nature of low-wage work. (Albeda 71)
These women also have sometimes been victims of unfortunate circumstances and their impoverished state sometimes limits their access to contraceptives which are very expensive.
Within the five years that these poor...

Find Another Essay On The Welfare Reform Law

The Role of Education in Welfare Reform

1894 words - 8 pages Since the enactment of the Welfare Reform Act in 1996; the new changes have been instrumental in decreasing the number of welfare caseloads and unemployment rates. Many would argue that the reforms for welfare have not been active in requiring that welfare recipients improve their education, skills and job market ability. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program requires welfare recipients to search for a job first in exchange

Analysis of The Welfare Reform in the US

971 words - 4 pages the State. Welfare Reform The 1996 federal welfare reform law devolved to states unprecedented control over welfare policy while requiring a dramatic overhaul of their welfare rules and services. In August 1996, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act reformed the nation's welfare laws. It created a new system of block grants to the States for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) changing the nature and

The Role of Drug Testing Within Welfare Reform

2121 words - 9 pages includes a summary of the types of sources that will inform the research. This section focuses on the 3 main sources that all agree that drug testing is an important component of welfare reform. The National Household Survey for Drug Abuse is mentioned as a main source for the studies that were chosen for the research paper. A working thesis that implicates the most relevant argument based off of the initial research accompanied by the mood of the

Welfare reform in the USA, a Matter of Justice

1677 words - 7 pages citizen to aid another citizen against their own will.With these two major principals we can determine, basically, what his views on the current plans for welfare reform. With the Minimal State principal, we can clearly see that in Nozick's view, the state has clearly overstepped its bounds. It is forcing U.S. citizens to pay taxes that will directly be spent on medical care for impoverished citizens. Many are paying against their will. Some

Legalize It: The Necessity For Marijuana Law Reform

1456 words - 6 pages Legalize It: The Necessity For Marijuana Law Reform When I think about social issues that should be discussed more often than they are, I think about the topic of legalization of marijuana. As a person that has consumed marijuana both in legal settings, and illegal settings, I can say that the title “illegal drug” should not apply to cannabis. The reason that I believe this is because I do not feel that marijuana is a threat

Overview of the Process of Law Reform in the English Legal System

2408 words - 10 pages The intention of this essay is to explain the process of law reform within the English legal system. The way in which the activity of parliament and that of the judiciary affects the way in which laws are reformed in the UK will be also discussed. The common law system in the UK means that the UK's primary legal principles have been developed by the judiciary rather than by parliament. However, as parliamentary sovereignty is an important

Suggestions on reform of the law of rape in South Australia

1602 words - 6 pages change? In the following sections, the current law of rape in SA, Queensland, Victoria and New South Wales will be focused, together with some law reform commitment in other jurisdictions outside SA.Current law in South AustraliaAccording to s.48 Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935,A person who has sexual intercourse with another person without the consent of that other persona) knowing that that other person does not consent to sexual intercourse

The South African Law Reform Commission’s Discussion Paper on Sexual Offenses - Community development - Assignment

675 words - 3 pages Methodology The South African Law Reform Commission’s Discussion Paper on Sexual Offences: Adult Prostitution believes that it is essential to involve all stakeholders in the consideration of the appropriate legal response to sex work in the country. Background Sex workers are women, men and transgendered people who receive money or goods in exchange for sexual services, and who consciously define those activities as income generating even

An example of The policy cycle in New Zealand using Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986 as a case study

2653 words - 11 pages This essay will explore the Homosexual Law Reform Act as a case study of the "policy cycle". Through out this essay I will investigate the interactions which took place between actors such as politicians, interest groups, individuals which led to the emergence, formation and the implementation of the Homosexual Law Reform Act. This paper discusses the background and the leading events which set the agenda. This essay also will go on to

Review of the Book "Ending Welfare As We Know It"

849 words - 3 pages welfare strategies, including denial of additional benefits for children born or conceived while a mother received AFDC, work requirements, and time limits on receipt of cash benefits. The speed of change at the state level accelerated after the 1996 federal welfare reform legislation gave states better flexibility to design their programs. Until 1996, there was a situation of overwhelming public rejection of existing AFDC program. Candidate

Off Welfare, On to College

626 words - 3 pages A recent General Accounting Office report on the progress of the welfare reform law passed two years ago found a sharp decline nationwide in the welfare rolls. The number of people on welfare has fallen 37 percent to 8.9 million in March 1998 from 14.1 million in January '93. The report also found significant increases in the numbers of welfare recipients who obtained jobs.Getting off welfare is one thing. Getting out of poverty requires

Similar Essays

The Welfare Reform Law Of 1996. This Is An "Explaining A Concept" Essay

566 words - 2 pages bill that was signed by President Clinton. The new law was expected to save $55 billion in welfare over six years. It also established a limit of five years for welfare payments to any family. The new law also required most adults to work within two years or loose benefits. In addition, welfare would now be administered by the states, which would receive block grants from the federal government. This was called welfare reform, the attempt to

The Welfare Reform Debate Essay

1171 words - 5 pages Reconciliation Act, also known as the Welfare Reform Law, was signed into law by President Clinton. This act ended Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which had provided economic assistance to single mothers since the Social Security Act of 1935. Currently in effect is a "new" system called Temporary Aid to Needy Families, this system dramatically changed the rules, ending the entitlement nature of cash benefits, setting time limits on

Welfare Reform In The United States

2782 words - 11 pages paper will examine how the federal government plans on if at all ensuring job retention occurs. THE PERSONAL RESPONSIBILTY AND WORK OPPORTUNITY ACT "The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996, or the welfare reform law established the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). TANF is a block grant program designed to make dramatic reforms in the nation's welfare system."(

The Pros And Cons Of Welfare Reform

2515 words - 10 pages The Pros and Cons of Welfare Reform There have been numerous debates within the last decade over what needs to be done about welfare and what is the best welfare reform plan. In the mid-1990s the TANF, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Act was proposed under the Clinton administration. This plan was not received well since it had put a five year lifetime limit on receiving welfare and did not supply the necessary accommodations