The Western World At War: The Crusades

892 words - 4 pages

Ironically, religion which is generally associated with peace, has dominated the world in terms of wars. Each religion is constantly battling all of the others for control of certain lands, to gain more available followers and/or dominate what the youth of the world is exposed to. In addition, various religious groups want to do become involved because they believe they are doing it in the name of their god. In the case of the crusades, the majority of available people were joining the existing armies because their religious figureheads, whom wisdom and judgment they thoroughly trusted, told them to do so even if these leaders had only their own interests at heart. Regardless, the people ...view middle of the document...

Over the next 180 years, the Holy Catholic Church would repeat this process eight more times with only a little success. The ninth and “final” crusade ended in 1272 and, to this day, the Holy Land of Jerusalem is still a war zone between Christians, Muslims and Jews.
For thousands of years, Jerusalem has been considered the holiest city in the world by Jews, Christians, And Muslims. “Though the holy land was under Islamic rule, Christians who came to worship at the holy places were, for the most part, tolerated.” (Article 2) During the first century, Christianity spread throughout Palestine, Syria and Jerusalem. Though the first crusade, which lasted from 1095 to1099 was a success, the seven that were to follow would all result in failure. The second lasted from1147 to 1149. The third lasted from 1189 to 1192. The fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth persisted from 1193 to 1270. The ninth and final crusade, which lasted from 1271 to 1272, resulted in a truce, but the territory was shortly overrun by Muslims thereafter. In short the crusades were largely unsuccessful in occupying the holy land and spreading Christianity.
Though the crusades were, for the most part, unsuccessful, they did have some positive and lasting effects. The crusades helped Western Europe become a world power. “Thus it was that in the closing years of the eleventh century Western Europe was abounding in energy and confidence.” (Dickson, 1) At the time, Europe operated under the feudal system. It was a system in which a peasant would report to a knight, who would report to a king. The king was supposed to report to god, but there was no check in place to make...

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