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The Women's Liberation Essay

1225 words - 5 pages

The Women’s Liberation Movement greatly impacted Australia and the United States throughout the 60’s and 70’s carrying on to the 90’s. Without the Women’s Liberation Movement women wouldn’t have received changes in laws primarily regarding employment impacting on them moving forward in terms of equal opportunities. However there is still a there is still process to be made concerning employment and social roles for women to have equal rights as men. The Women’s Liberation Movement started in the 60’s during the second wave of feminism. Even though the 70’s were a time of change, both Australia and the United States saw women remaining in low status roles and staying primarily in the ...view middle of the document...

Other laws were changed over the following years, for example the equal rights act. However women were still being mistreated due to the EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commissioners) being unable to enforce the civil rights act. This resulted in Betty Friedan and 28 other women founding NOW (National Organisation for Women) while attending the third National Conference on the Commission of Low Status Women. Betty Friedon led the women saying the purpose was:

“To take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of America society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in the equal partnership with men.” (Sink, N, 2008)

After the initial formation of NOW in 1966 the formation continued to grow with many more members joining. Specifically focusing on equal employment opportunities the second wave of feminism in 1960 In Australia and the USA did achieve remarkable changes for women. However they were still unequal in terms of employment due to being employed primarily in jobs that fit within the stereotypical gender roles and were still being given unequal pay. (Kleiman, C, 1996) This continued into the 90’s with women being given improvements to their lifestyles but still not equal rights to men.

The 1990’s saw an increase in women’s employment rates and a decrease in men’s. The Australian Bureau of Statistics undertakes a census to formulate accurate statistics. The census formulated that between 1980 and 2000 men’s employment rates declined from 82% to 77% (reference). While, Women’s employment rates rose from 47% to 61%. The change in women’s employment occurred together with reductions in family sizes and the delay of child bearing, indicating that more women were focusing on careers more so than having a large family. USA women however had lower overall employment rates for women, being 59.5% in 1997 (Perry-Jenkins, J, Repetti, R.L and Crouter, A.C, 2000). Since the dramatic rise of women in the workforce in the 90’s the numbers have remained fairly constant since (The White House, n.d.). Women in the 90’s were granted entry into many more jobs that they were previously denied entry into. However the majority of women remained in the minority of the best-paying professions (Kleiman, C, 1996). While women of Australia and the USA had vast improvements from the 60’s and 70’s they still were not equal to men in employment opportunities.

The 1960’s saw the Food and Drug Administration approving the first oral contraceptive for women. This was the first step in bringing...

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