The Work, Roles And Skills Of A Manager Are The Same Throughout The World.

1811 words - 7 pages

Assignment Title: "The work, roles and skills of a manager are the same throughout the world."Abstract:The essay aims to evaluate that the work, roles and skills of a manager have differentiation throughout the world. Definition and classification of managerial roles and skills authorised from management theory are given. Academic journals has been analysed to give instances in order to support the thesis. To sum up, the managerial work, roles and skills have undergone transformation, and will be transformed constantly.Word Count: 1,481The statement "The work, roles and skills of a manager are the same throughout the world" will be evaluated in this essay rationally by specialising in discussing how the roles and skills applied to different managers in the world.Based on the internationalisation of companies, industries, and economies had being changed the business world pervasive over the last several decades; increasingly, the operation of managers is facing diversity. They pursue their management under different economic conditions, procuring materials and components in global markets, and are confronted with challenges that new, foreign rivals produce. (Saloner, Shepard & Podolny, 2001) In brief, managers at different levels and under different situations may have different functions, roles and skills.Functions of management indicated by Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, and Coulter, (2003) based on Fayol's theory are planning, organising, leading and controlling. Broadly speaking, all managers in daily activities must have the capabilities to realise performance problems as well as opportunities, make rational decision and perform appropriately. They accomplish their goals by the process of planning, organising, leading and controlling the use of resources. (Schermerhorn, Campling, Poole, & Wiesner, 2004)Before the discussion, it is essential to identify the managerial roles. Mintzberg concludes that ten management roles, which can be grouped as interpersonal, informational and decisional roles. The interpersonal roles involve interactions with people throughout the work, which have three sub-roles of figurehead, leader and liaison. The informational roles are concerned with the transfer of information, which relate to sub-roles of monitor, disseminator and spokesperson. The decisional roles entail making decisions to benefit the organisations eventually, involving sub-roles as entrepreneur, disturbance handler, resource allocator and negotiator. (Robbins et al, 2003)The validity of Mintzberg's framework in different types of organisations and at different levels within the organisations has been proved by a number of follow-up studies. Generally, the evidence supports the notion that managers - regardless of the organisation type or level in the organisation - perform similar roles. "However, the emphasis that managers give to the various roles seems to change within their organisational level." (Robbins et al, 2003,p13) Specifically, it is...

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