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The World And Literature Changes In The 1930‘S

1126 words - 5 pages

During, the 1930’s the world was in a time of great depression, with economic and political uncertainty fueled after the stock market crash in 1929. Many US banks failed, mortgages were foreclosed on homeowners. Croplands in the Midwest lost their topsoil and were ruined during the Dust Bowl drought, with many farmers relocating to California. Unemployment affected a large part of the work force, leaving a population of long-term joblessness. Ultimately, the stock market crash left a dramatic end to an era of unprecedented, and unprecedentedly lopsided, prosperity (H. Staff). Supporters of Eugenics movements an extension of Social Darwinism were realizing the misconception they were ...view middle of the document...

The Federal Writers Project employed over 6,000 Americans with one of its best recognized projects known as The American Guide Series, initiated to reestablish a sense of pride during the difficult time in U.S. history (I. U. Staff).
Among the many writers to come out of The Federal Writers Project, was John Steinbeck, who was later awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962 “for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humor and keen social perception". (N. P. Staff). John Steinbeck, wrote a trio of novels, which focused on the lives and struggles of migrant workers in California with the first book, In Dubious Battle, published in 1936, then followed by Of Mice and Men in 1937, and Steinbeck’s masterpiece in 1939 The Grapes of Wrath a story of an impoverished family of farmers struggling to survive the Dust Bowl during the Great Depression (S. Staff). Steinbeck was no stranger to farm life in California or the struggles women faced when he wrote, The Chrysanthemums in 1938 (Steinbeck). John Steinbeck’s The Chrysanthemums reveal the societal struggles of gender inequality, along with a longing for love and passion for life in the character of Elisa. Steinbeck’s writings reestablished a sense of pride, while promoting a sympathetic familiar understanding of those that were poor or impoverished.
Additionally, another notable writer during the 1930s was T.S. Eliot who won The Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry" (N. P. Staff). The musical poetry of T.S. Eliot which is expressed in a series of poems entitled Landscapes. The musical poetry series Landscapes are composed of five poems New Hampshire, Virginia, Usk, Rannoh, near Glenckow, and Cape Ann written from 1933-1934 (Eliot). In Eliot’s poem Virginia 1934, were reminded of the changes taking place in the 1930s with capitalist America seen as a dying society in need of revolutionary changes (Kirsch). Eliot speaks of the red river flowing continuously as one can see communism throughout this time showing itself as a strong force, the gate awaits each one providing direction to go through, delaying the decay of society and living, like trees in the wind ever moving but never moving, setting one with a strong mind forever flowing in one direction as the red river flows. One can hear the music of poetry as one person talks to another, as poetry attempts to...

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