Today there are more than seven billion people living on Earth (Kuo 23). One billion of these people are on the verge of starvation, and even more have absolutely no access to sanitized water (Kuo 23-24). Some say that this is due to overpopulation. Having more people on earth proves the need for more food, water, housing, medication, and other necessities (Kuo 24). Though most people who read this paper will not encounter these problems, they happen all over the world (Cover 444). The world population has almost doubled since 1965 and is currently growing at a rate of more than 80 million people every year (Ehrlich and Ehrlich 557). This is causing the climate to change and unemployment to increase. The world is slowly depleting its resources, and something needs to be done about it (Cover 444; Kuo 24). It is essential that the world implement global population control policies such as family limitations.
It is obvious that the population has grown rapidly in the last 40 years, and this change has started to deny basic human needs to more than two billion of these people (Ehlrich and Ehlrich 557). Anywhere between 10 and 30 million children die every year from starvation because Earth has surpassed its food growing limits (Kuo 26) Global agriculture cannot possibly produce enough food for seven billion people to eat (Kuo 26). In addition, grain outputs per person have fallen an average of .6 percent every year since 1986 (Ehlrich and Ehlrich 557). This is because of the lack of new farmland. Too many people are taking up the farmable land for residential and industrial areas. If rapid population progression continues to occur, there is little hope for reestablishing growth in food output (Cover 445; Ehlrich and Ehlrich 558).
“Climate change is the single most serious phenomenon confronting us right now.” (Kuo 25). Chinese author Gioetta Kuo contributes the global climate change to overpopulation. Kuo suggests that the amount of resources necessary to sustain the seven billion people on the planet are greatly polluting our atmosphere (Kuo 25). The global temperature has risen an average of .7 degrees since 1900. Though this may not seem like a great increase, temperature inclines such as this could be detrimental to the environment (Trevors 113). Warming the Earth is leading to severe droughts all throughout the world, especially in the equatorial regions. Many of these regions already have water scarcity (Kuo 25). In addition, the climate change is affecting Earth’s animal populations. In turn, as animal populations decrease, meat and agricultural sources also decrease. International governing bodies, such as the United Nations, need to implement population control to save the environment (Ehlrich and Ehlrich 558).
China, the most populated country in the world, implemented a one-child policy in attempts to control population. The Chinese government took action after witnessing one of the largest famines in world history. They could not...