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The World Of Al Qaeda Essay

991 words - 4 pages

Al-Qaeda was founded by Osama Bin Laden in the late 1980s (al-Qaeda). The organization was a broad-based militant Islamist organization that was based in Sudan in the early 1990s, but eventually reinstated in Afghanistan (al-Qaeda). The word or name “Qaeda” simply means “base” or “foundation”, which Al-Qaeda’s affiliates and members hope to build a vigorous, geographically-diverse network (Rollins, John). Al-Qaeda started out as a network with a centralized leadership, made up of mostly Egyptians, to support Muslims against the Soviet Union during the Afghan War, which also composed of mostly veterans from the Afghan insurgency against the Soviets (Rollins, John). Shortly after the Soviets withdrew in 1989, the association detached, but continued to oppose corrupt Islamic regimes and foreign presence in the Islamic lands (al-Qaeda).
After being banished from Saudi Arabia, Bin Laden created Al-Qaeda’s headquarters in Khartoum, Sudan (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Even though Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden have become identical, he didn’t run the organization alone (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Later when Ayman Al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian surgeon from an upper-class family, served three years in prison, he went to Afghanistan, where he met Bin Laden, and became Bin Laden’s personal physician and advisor (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Al-Zawahiri was suspected of organizing a massacre of 67 foreign tourists in the Egyptian town of Luxor during the year of 1997(Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). He is also indicted in connection with the bombing of U.S. embassies in Tanzania and Kenya (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). In the year of 1998, Al-Zawahiri was one out of the five Islamic leaders to sign a declaration for Bin Laden to request assaults on U.S. inhabitants (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Al-Zawahiri is still hunted by the FBI and has been sentenced to death by Egypt in absentia (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com).
The primary criterion of Al-Qaeda is to drive Americans and American power out of all Muslim nations, annihilate Israel, and topple pro-Western dictatorships around the Middle East (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Bin Laden also mentions that he desires to bond all of the Muslims and establish, through force if it is required, an Islamic nation that obeys the rule of the first Caliphs (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). According to his 1998 religious decreed, the duty of all Muslims around the world is to wage holy war against the U.S., American citizens, and the Jews (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). If any Muslims do not heed this call, they are acknowledged as apostates, people who have forsaken their faith (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Al-Qaeda’s ideology, jihadism, is marked by a willingness to kill “apostate” and Shiite, religious person who believes that Ali and his descendants are the legitimate successor to Muhammad and rejects the first three caliphs, Muslims and an emphasis on jihad (Al-Qaeda | Infoplease.com). Many people would argue that the Al-Qaeda of those...

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