This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The World Of Ancient Persia Essay

1771 words - 7 pages

In the sixth century B.C, the land that we now call Iran was the center of the largest empire in the world. The kings of Ancient Persia( such as Cyrus the Great) were the leaders of a great civilization that made amazing advances in laws, goverment and communication. Founded in 550 B.C by King Cyrus the Great, the Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. Unlike most empires at that time, the Persian kings were benovelent rulers, and allowed a diverse variety of diffrent people with diffrent ethnic backgrounds. The Persian empire was split into three diffrent empires with three diffrent time periods but the first empire was called the Achaemenid Empire. It began with King Cyrus the Great and ended with King Darius III.
The Acheamenid Empire's first ruler was Cyrus the Great. According to Herodotus, a Greek historian, Cyrus was the son of an Iranian nobleman and a Median princess who was the daughter of the Median king Astyages. In 600 B.C, the Medes ruled the Persians. After the birth of Cyrus the Great, Astyages (the King of the Medes) had a dream that was interpreted as a sign that his grandson would eventually overthrow him. He ordered his steward Harpagus to kill Cyrus but he was morally unable to kill a newborn so he summoned the Mardian Mitradates ( a royal bandit herdsman from the mountainous region bordering the Saspires) and ordered him to leave the baby to die in the mountains. The herdsman and his wife (whom Herodotus calls Cyno in Greek, and Spaca-o in Median) took pity and raised the child as their own. However many historians dispute this and there is very little evidence about King Cyrus's childhood but King Cyrus did mange to overthrow the Astyages in around 550 B.C. Cyrus began to build his empire after the Assyrian Empire. By 545 B.C, Cyrus gained control of the kingdom of Lydia and took over the Greek colonies in Ionia. In about 539 B.C Cyrus's armies had conquered Babylonia and Cyrus freed the Jews who were in captivity and allowed them to return to Jerusalam. He was a very kind and just king, and was unlike any king that had ever ruled at that time. He refused to allow any slaves in his empire and did not impose one religion on his subjects. He allowed them to follow any religion they wanted to and practice their traditions as long as they payed their taxes and obeyed the laws. Cyrus was the best king the ancient world had ever seen, but sadly he didnt live for long. He died in battle in 530 B.C and chose to be buried in Pasargadae. His tomb was very simple, yet elegant. After 2,500 years later, his tomb is still standing. After his death his son Cambyses II took power.
King Cyrus the Great was diffrent from most rulers because of his tolerance of the diffrent ethnic and religious groups that were in his empire. The inscriptions on the Cyrus cylinder record how King Cyrus the Great restored the ruined sanctuaries in Babylonia and even...

Find Another Essay On The World Of Ancient Persia

Seven Ancient Wonders Of The World

1226 words - 5 pages Man fears Time, yet Time fears the PyramidsThe Great Pyramid of Giza lies next to Cairo.It is today in greater Cairo.According to the wonders of the ancient world, the pyramid of Khufu is the only pyramid included in the list of the wonders. The other two of the pyramids of Giza are excluded from the list. This is the only monument of the seven wonders to survive till today in perfect condition and managing mere escapes from fires, earthquakes

The Seven Wonders of Ancient World

1481 words - 6 pages out of the seven wonders I will be writing about who commissioned and created each one of them. How they were built, where they were located, when was it constructed, why they were considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and what happened to them. The Statue of Zeus, which was commissioned by Phidius. He was a Greek sculptor, painter and architect, who lived in the 5th century BC, and was said to be one of the greatest

Comparison of Civilizations in the Ancient World

1072 words - 4 pages on top of what is called a ziggurat (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010). Since the Mesopotamians believed in the gods or goddesses control of the cities their civilization formed a theocracy. It was believed that a favorable relationship with the gods determined the success of Mesopotamia which made the class of priests highly important. The presence of famines resulting from floods, high winds and humidity convinced the Mesopotamians that their world

The Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time

1780 words - 7 pages “The Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time”is an action adventure film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and is adapted from a video game known as the same name. The story is mainly about the life of Dastan, a Persian prince and his adventure with Princess Tamina and a special dagger known as Dagger of Time. The dagger is so unique because it has a special power which allows the one who activates it to return to the past. Unlike his elder

The Birth of Religions and Philosophies in the Ancient World

1315 words - 5 pages The Birth of Religions and Philosophies in the Ancient World From the beginning of time, people all over the world have wondered where we come from, what our divine purpose in life is, and what we can expect after death. Questions about right and wrong, society and government, and nature and the cosmos, are some of the few wonders that ultimately created some of the earliest philosophies and religions, helping people find peace and explanation

Effects Of Ancient Civilization's Achievments On The Modern World

469 words - 2 pages Many civilization's achievements have had a lasting effect on both the world and the future world. Some very good examples of this are the early civilizations of Egypt Mesopotamia and the people of the Indus river valley. Through the building of pyramids by the Egyptians, the invention of the plow by the Mesopotamians and the installation of pluming systems by the people from the Indus river valley. Ancient river valley civilizations have left

Survival of an Ancient Sport, in the New World

917 words - 4 pages In one of the great European countries, Ireland, a sport so loved by its people has existed for many centuries. This sport is known as Gaelic football. It is one of Irelands most popular native sports. Gaelic football has had many changes made to it since it was first founded, which these changes are still practiced today. Gaelic football has a unique set of playing rules that sets it apart from any other sport played around the world. Gaelic

Combat Sports in the Ancient World: General Aspects of Ancient Combat Sports

2688 words - 11 pages Following Poliakoff’s introduction to the ancient combat sports, he proceeds to provide a basic outline to the world of ancient combat sports in a series of sections within the chapter, including: The definition of a ‘combat sport’ and its relation to recreation and training; similarities amongst combat sports, training methods and common practise; the premise of athletic festivals, and the organization of said competition. The first area that

Dreams in the Ancient World

2960 words - 12 pages According to dreams in the ancient world persons light is believed to be consists of knowledge. It is believed that there are three worlds for a person one is here in the world; the other is in the other world and, third one in intermediate state which is the state of sleep. The intermediate state helps the person helps the person to see both the states.“On being born hat person assuming his body, becomAes united with all evils: when he

The Peloponnesian War: The “Great War” of the Ancient Greek World

964 words - 4 pages It is one of the most studied wars in history. The Peloponnesian War ravaged Greece for over 30 years during the 5th century B.C., and had a permanent effect on the Greek world. Athens and Sparta, two major city-states, fought each other relentlessly for control of the Mediterranean. The once great empire of Athens would ultimately be defeated, and its counterpart Sparta would be weakened severely as well. This war would negatively affect

Ancient Rome’s Impact on The World

1394 words - 6 pages Rough Draft: Ancient Rome’s Impact on The World Ancient Rome had of the largest influences to the development of Western Civilization, through many sorts. Rome had countless achievements through literature, culture, and mainly architecture. Rome also developed a political system of government that is still used similarly today. Today, efficient water and aqueducts are also used and were made by the Greeks and Romans. Latin was Rome’s most common

Similar Essays

Laws Of Hamurabi Of Ancient Persia Phil 100 Essay

2245 words - 9 pages judge the society at large based exclusively on the laws that govern them. For example, some states in America support same-sex marriages, but this does not mean that those states are the most densely populated by homosexuals. Section One, Question 3 Select a piece of popular media (movie, T.V. show, etc.) produced in the West that, at least in some ways, explains/demonstrates/articulates Ancient Egyptian Civilization. Thinking about the

Religions Of The Ancient World Essay

693 words - 3 pages Dipti Budhrani Mr. Yurchak American Literature 20 February 2014 Religions of the Ancient World Religion is an ever-growing idea that has no set date of origin. Throughout history religion has served as an answer to the questions that man could not resolve. The word religion is derived from the Latin word “religio” meaning restraint in collaboration with the Greek word “relegere” which means to repeat or to read again. Religion is currently

Summary Of The Ancient World Essay

3220 words - 13 pages . The Buddha, a man of deep understanding and deep sympathy and compassion, had said that all men are equal in their common destiny, so he opposed the idea of castes. His followers carried this principal of social equality throughout southern Asia, and caused both political troubles and enlightened political progress in many ancient states. An example of this was when Emperor Asoka was enlightened and gave up war and violence, sought peace with his people and with his neighbors, and set up for India what later came to be viewed as a Golden Age. You could say that Buddhism was the way to peace of mind, and to peace of the world, which ended up being some parts of Asia.

The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World

792 words - 4 pages , individual’s back then loved creating list of awesome things. Nearly 2,500 years ago, this approach inspired a Greek writer, Herodotus, to create one of the most incredible and wondrous lists ever, the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Woods 4). This list contains some of the most profound structures ever built. A few thousand years ago Egypt was a very powerful and wealthy nation. It was during this time the first wonder of the ancient world was