The Yasukuni Shrine And The Rise Of Japan's New Nationalism

2397 words - 10 pages

The Yasukuni Shrine is a Shinto shrine established in 1869 in Tokyo. It was constructed in order to honor and worship the soldiers who have died for their country in the Boshin Civil War that brought about the Meiji restoration and sacrificed their lives in the service of their emperor to build a firm foundation for Japan to become a truly peaceful country. For some Asian countries such as China and South Korea, which had been victims under Japanese imperialism and aggression in the first half of the 20th century, the shrine was built to commemorate Japanese war criminals in the World War II, and it has become a blatant symbol for Japanese wartime militarism from the perspectives of these Asian countries. At the center of Yasukuni Shrine's controversy is the fact that those venerated included 14 convicted class-A war criminals, including former Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo. The Yasukuni Shrine is therefore frequently at the center of political storms, especially when several Japanese cabinet members and prime ministers pay their visits to worship the souls of the military war dead at the Shrine each year, as neighboring countries consider the visits by Japanese prime ministers to the shrine as an attempt to legitimize Japan's past militarism. The politicized symbolism of the Yasukuni Shrine involves the conflict between incompatible Japanese party identities, the significance of Yasukuni in the Japanese nationalism, how the Japanese wartime history is perceived, and Japan's diplomatic and political relations with its neighboring East Asian countries.Once an important site for rituals centered on the imperial emperor, Yasukuni symbolizes the nation's former fusion of the state and the Shinto religion, and it is the shrine where Japanese soldiers, officers, and civilian employees of the military who died in modern Japan's wars have been enshrined as heroic spirits. The shrine was administered by the army and navy up until the time of defeat in World War II when the American occupation authorities imposed the constitutional separation of religion and the state. The controversy over visits by Japanese prime ministers to the shrine arose from the fact that in 1978, the Yasukuni Shrine enshrined 14 executed World War II class-A criminals among the war dead, which generated dispute from neighboring Asian countries who view these visits as representing the glorification of Jingoistic nationalism and militarism in Japan. The essence of the issue lies in the historical heritage from the Japanese invasion and occupation which influenced the Japanese, Chinese, and Korean collective memories of the war. Yasukuni is not merely a memorial site where Japan's 2.5 million military war dead are enshrined as deities, but the shrine, accompanied by a museum, is devoted to glorify Japanese militarism as a noble cause that strived to liberate Asia from Western powers and to promote an unapologetic view of Japan's past atrocities through Korea, China, and much of...

Find Another Essay On The Yasukuni Shrine and the Rise of Japan's New Nationalism

The Pros and Cons of Nationalism

721 words - 3 pages about the country. This papers purpose is to illustrate the pros of nationalism as well as its cons. Beginning with America, there is a strong sense of nationalism. Being called patriotic would signify you support America and the ideals the flag stands for. It has many meanings to every individual, either learned through school or something they may have had happen and symbolize it with the flag. For instance, after September 11 happened

The Failure and Rebirth of Burmese Nationalism

2230 words - 9 pages own states, but in the end all has fallen upon them and their tale is one of grief and sadness. The failure of Burmese nationalist movement is through the conflicting interests of the world, the clashes between Burmese ideology, and the differences of ethnic acceptance. However badly the movement failed, a new movement has taken form and is a blossoming root of hope for the millions of Burmese living in poverty today. The area in Southeast Asia

The Price of Nationalism

1981 words - 8 pages tyrannical Caesar. Therefore, because of this history, one can safely assume that Aeneas would go back on his promise to Latinus, just as his descendants will mistreat the many civilizations that Rome would eventually conquer. Clearly, by the close of Virgil’s epic, Aeneas the kind and benevolent is but a distant memory. Driven to the brink by emotion and hardship, Aeneas's sense of Trojan nationalism would be eventually be strengthened, but at the cost of forsaking his responsibility and overall compassion for his fellow man at large.

Write a research on Japan's physical geography and Topography, including: Human use of and interactions with the land, Japan's environmental issues.

714 words - 3 pages Japan, the land of the rising sun, is a small country in East Asia. This essay will explain Japan's physical geography and Japan's topography. Japan's topography is the shape of the land and processes the have build the land. It includes the climate, rivers, volcanoes and earthquakes, islands and the location of Japan. Also, this essay will discuss the human use of and interaction with the land. This includes the agriculture, and fishing. Also

Account for the Rise of New Social Movements and Evaluate their Impact on Modern British Politics

1091 words - 4 pages trade unions, focus more on economic change and tend to be class based organisations; NSMs are more concerned with moral and cultural issues and are "held to pose new challenges to the established cultural, economic and political orders of advanced capitalist societies" (Hallsworth 1994).A number of variables have been key in provoking the return of new social movements. Firstly, a change in society's attitude has been apparent. People have genuinely

Japan's Expansion and U.S. Policies to the Pearl Harbor Attack

2345 words - 10 pages . government. On September 6, 1941, the Japanese government introduced the first draft of proposals to the President Roosevelt. The new draft did not match the assurance that made by President Roosevelt and the Japanese Prime Minister, Prince Konoye, on August 28, about Japan's peaceful intent. (Waller 11) The new draft did not mention anything about the withdrawal of Japan's troops in China, neither. (Waller 12) Thus, the United States rejected

The French Revolution and Nationalism

934 words - 4 pages significant notion to remember about this time period in German history because it was Bismarck's most important legacy since for a thousand years a variety of kings and rulers had tried to unite the German states without success until Bismarck made his claim. Bismarck’s success led Germany to become one of the most powerful nations in Europe. Overall, Nationalism developed in Germany because of social and economic changes, the new ideas such as

Sectionalism Versus Nationalism and the Era of Good Feelings

635 words - 3 pages After the war of 1812, there was a strong sense of nationalism since the young United States had won a war against the powerful British Army. However, the loss of thousands of southern slaves and the British embargo led both the north and the south to lament over the cost of the war. The time period from 1815 – 1825 that some historians call the era of good feelings was not as positive a time period as the title implies; factions ran

The War Of 1812 And Its Effects On American Nationalism

2033 words - 8 pages with it the nation grew and prospered under great leadership and the democratic way. The great democratic experiment had worked, the nation was at peace and was growing, and the tide for the next century had already been set in motion. John K. Mahon. The War of 1812; Da Capo Press, New York. Copywrite 1972. George Dangerfield. The Awakening of American Nationalism; Harper and Row, New York, Copywrite 1965 Nagel, Paul C. This Sacred

The Holocaust and the rise of Nazism

1831 words - 7 pages place to outlet his fanatical German nationalism, for he believed in "Deutschland euber alles," or "Germany over all." In 1918 the unthinkable happened--Germany conceded defeat at the hands of the allies. Hitler's world literally fell apart, and he could not understand how the great German army could lose to supposedly "inferior" nations. Searching for someone to blame, Hitler settled on the Jews, the Communists, and the New Democratic Government

The Rise and Fall of the McEmpire.

1106 words - 4 pages his book Fast Food Nation, author Eric Schlosser documents the founding of McDonald's and its rise to a global empire starting in the 1950s.In the beginning, McDonald's Ray Kroc sought opportunities to partner with a growing co-empire, Disney. Reportedly rebuked by the House of Mouse, McDonald's set its own course in targeting "kidsumers."McDonald's took a slightly different approach than grand theme parks and affable mice. Clown spokesman Ronald

Similar Essays

Yasukuni Shrine: Different Views From Political Elite And Common People

975 words - 4 pages • Killmeier, Matthew A and Naomi Chiba, 2010, Neo-nationalism Seeks Strength from The Gods: Yasukuni Shrine, Collective Memory and the Japanese Press, Media, War, and Conflict, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp.334-354. • No name, 2006, Half of Japanese Back PM’s Latest Shrine Visit-Kyodo Poll, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific: London. • No name, 2013, Picture Back Abe’s Visit to Yasukuni Shrine: Jiji Poll, Jiji Press English News Service: Tokyo. • Northeast Asian

The Rise And Development Of Nationalism In Meiji, Japan Was A Result Of Government Modernization Efforts

724 words - 3 pages The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts The rise and development of nationalism in Meiji Japan was a result of government modernization efforts. The ban on Christianity was lifted and the Meiji government practiced religion toleration. Foreign missionaries were allowed to propagate Christianity and carry out educational and medical work. However

Japan's Economic Efforts After The Earthquake And Tsunami Of 2011

1214 words - 5 pages such as intangibility, inseparability, variability, and perishability. Cynthia Coldren states service is the “… [delivery of] intangible services” (Coldren, 2006). Another advantage of Japan is the visa regulations. Japan allows multiple-entry visas. By doing this, it creates a new emerging market for inbound travelers. One disadvantage of Japan is the “political situation” between China and South Korea (Euromonitor, 2013). Why is this a

The Role Of Trade In Japan's Economy

4171 words - 17 pages rates of growth in the industrial sector was the key to Japan's success (Young, 1974).The government was part of the effort to achieve high rates of growth by intervention through investing arduously in heavy industry. Money was made available through government finance for the building of new plants that allowed for innovation and development. In fact, investment in new plants and new industrial equipment was around 30% of the countries total gross