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The Year 1792 Of The French Revolution And The September Massacre

1476 words - 6 pages

“After she was dead one of the assassins ripped out her heart and ate it while another stuck her head on a pike and paraded it beneath the Queens window” (Gautreu). The queen there talking about is Marie Antoinette. She was the archduchess of Austria and when she married Louis the king tension started to grow between Austria and France . This eventually lead up to the September massaacre. In this the author is speaking of Princess de Lambelle. She accompanied the royal family to the Tuileries; she was the daughter of King at the time, Louis the 16th. This is a description of what happened to the princess during those awful days in September. This is some of the ways people were murdered ...view middle of the document...

The 20th of that month the Tuileries were invaded for the first time by a mob of citizens (Brown). Nine days after that Robespierre calls for the removal of the king. Maximilien de Robespierre was a politician and lawyer of France at the time. He was known as one of the most influential part of the French Revolution. During this time Robespierre becomes a leader in the Committee for public safety. After, Robespierre's people began planning the kidnapping of Louis the 16th and his family. July passed without much chaos but that was just the calm before the storm of August.

The Month of August was a very crucial month to The September Massacre. August 10th was the second invasion of the royal families Tuileries by the citizens of Paris (Brown). The Tuileries was the families royal and imperial palace which was on the back bank of the River Seine. The crowds of citizens finally took the king and his family hostage. The family including Louis the 16th, his wife Marie Antoinette, his three daughters; Marie Therese, Sophie Helene Beatrice Lambelle, Dauphin, and their two boys Louis the 17th and Louis Joseph. They forced the king to write a new constitution for the people. At the same time March had caused a rebellion to form against the king, and then those people replaced everyone in the already legally elected government. With all of that that had happened it seemed as if nothing could get worse, but then the month of September had arrived.

The beginning of September end of August had many side effects. The massacre hurt and killed thousands of people in a matter of just a few days. “Continuing food shortages, military setbacks, and rumors of royalists conspiracies,” this was said by a unnamed citizen who was close to the royal family at the time (Speilvogel 586). Paris communities forced legislators to call a National Convention together. This caused Paris to panic right before the Convention met, and caused the monarchy to be officially overthrown. After the devastating summer months throughout Paris the most important part of the French Revolution happened, it was at last the month of September.

Although, during the previous months of the year 1792 there was turmoil beyond belief but Paris had seen nothing till that crucial month. On September 2nd twenty four priests were on their way to L’Abbaye prison when “the mob” ransacked them and massacred all (Brown). “The mob” was an extremely large group of angry citizens (Guatreu). For five heart wrenching days the mob stormed prisons all over Paris murdering inmates, priests, and citizens who disagreed with the calvary. Many people looked at the deaths overall but no one cared to stop and see how they happened. It was blood shed and violence without any breaks, and the cruelty to some of the prisoners were unimaginable. Although, some prisons held something called “mob court.” This is where the criminals (mostly murderers) in the prisons posed as self declared judges and decided...

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