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"The Yellow Wallpaper", Written By Charlotte Perkins Gilman.

1203 words - 5 pages

Mind over MatterThe Yellow Wallpaper, written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, tells about a young women suffering from nervousness (which was really post-pardom depression after having her baby boy) and a husband that is controlling of her due to the illness. The young women is lead to believe that she is very ill and what her husband says is best for her, is really the best for her. The character of the story gradually realizes that she knows what is best for her and that she is now as ill as her husband makes her out to be at the beginning of the story. The theme of the story is Mind over Matter, and the author best illustrates this by using setting and using first person point of view.The young women is lead to believe that the most simple task, such as writing, would make her tired and weak. This part shows us in first person point of view of how the character really feels and what she thinks. Her husband John makes sure that she is well medicated on phosphates or phosphites (she never says which one) and tonics. "I have a schedule prescription for each hour in the day"(Gilman 471). John also hired his sister Jenny to look after his wife while he is away treating other patients, as well as take care of the house and baby boy. They young women is weak and tired because she receives little or no exercise. Today the common perspiration given by a doctor to a patient is to exercise. Not having any exercise for the three months that she is at the house causes muscle atrophy. "Personally, I believe that congenial work, with exercise and change would do me good" (470). The young women does not agree with her husband and sister-in-laws theories for the need of an abundant amount of rest. Her husband tells her, "Your exercise depends on your strength" (471). The only way to obtain strength is by the way of exercise. The only thing that is making the young lady tired is the horrid yellow wallpaper in the room where she stays. "The whole thing goes horizontally, too, at least it seems so, and I exhaust myself trying to distinguish the order of its going in that direction" (474). The young lady is always trying to trace a pattern of the yellowwallpaper as well as watching "A strange, provoking, formless sort of figure"(473) that seems to be crawling around behind the wallpaper. Her husband leaves the yellow wallpaper up because he believes that the wallpaper gets the better of her, and that it is the perfect medicine for a nervous patient. She spends the next three months at night watching and analyzing the hideous yellow wallpaper. She uses the days to catch up on her sleep. This has John and Jenny fooled into that she is really resting because she is weak. The young women begins to see that she needs to free herself from the imprisonment that her husband John and sister-in-law Jenny has made for her. The setting comes into play here and the young women tells us about the environment of the room. The room that she is condemned to has a bed that is nailed...

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