The Yemen Conflict Essay

1541 words - 6 pages

The main IGO that took part in the Yemen conflict was the Arab League. During the Yemen civil war that took place between 1962 and 1970, the Arab League was made up of six member states that included Yemen, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Jordan. However, the Arab League was later expanded to include twenty two member states. The role played by the Arab League during the Civil war in Yemen, is evident from the roles in which the individual members of this union played in order to further its interests. Egypt was known as the United Arab Republic during this conflict and it had good relations with Yemen. In 1958, Yemen joined Egypt and Syria and the resulting union was known as the United Arab State. However, this union did not last for long because it was soon dissolved in 1961 after Syria seceded from the union. In 1962, Mohammed Al-Bdr took over the leadership of Yemen after the death of Imam Ahmed. One week after Al-Bdr came to power, the forces of revolution, led by soldiers, overthrew the new leader and declared that Yemen was an Arab Republic (Caton 21).
Mohammed Al-Bdr and other members of the royal family escaped to the northern part of Syria where they joined forces with some of the tribes who lived in that region. The newly created royal union received material and financial support from outside and used these resources to wage war against the republicans in the capital. The republican forces that had overthrown the leadership of Imam accused Saudi Arabia of supporting Al-Bdr forces, and threatened that they would take the war into its territory. Mohammed Al-Bdr and the royal forces, on the other hand, accused Egypt of initiating and supporting the army rebellion in Yemen but Egypt vehemently denied those claims. A few months later, Egypt sent a large number of soldiers to Yemen to help the republican forces in the fight against Imam Mohammed Al-Bdr forces. The new republican government was recognized by the Soviet Union and Egypt, but other western powers that had interests in Yemen such as the US and the UK, failed to disclose whether they supported the new Syrian government (Terrill and Army War College (U.S.) Strategic Studies Institute 54).
The Arab league played a contradictory role during the civil war in Syria, with some members of the union supporting the republican forces while others went behind the royal forces led by Imam Mohammed Al-Bdr. Egypt supported the republican forces while Imam Badr received support from Jordan and Saudi Arabia. The republican forces embraced social progress and republicanism, and were mainly present in cities, while Mohammed Al-Bdr forces fought from rural areas. The conflict in Yemen was partially caused by the action of Egypt to send soldiers to support the overthrowing of the royal government. Saudi Arabia’s involvement in the conflict was based on the fear that the war could overspill into its borders, and therefore, it protected its interests by lending material support to Imam...

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