Lord of the Flies has a destructive force of fear and evil that prevents the boys from having a perfect and stable society. William Golding, the author of the novel, states “the theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature” (204). His negativity about human nature and his idea that evil is an inborn characteristic can be seen through the story as the behavior of the boys brings their inner creature into existence.
“We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything” (42). At the first assembly, where Ralph was made chief, Jack had said these words. Jack soon went against his own words that he allowed the signal fire to go out while out hunting. “But I tell you that smoke is more important than the pig, however often you kill one” (81). Jack had made a permanent chip into the islands society that would grow into a crack until everything shattered.
There was no protection of parents, school, policemen, or true law on the island. Nothing to keep them from becoming savages. The only thing they had truly to hold onto for order was the conch that symbolizes law and order. When “the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist” (181), so did the foundation of order on the island.
The beast takes an important role as the story develops, symbolizing an evil and savagery that exists within all human beings. Though the beast is visually imaginary, meaning that what they see is not true, the beast is still alive inside them. It is the behavior of the boys that brings the beast into existence, therefore, the more savagely they act, the more real the beast becomes. During an assembly the topic of the beast is discussed and we discover that Simon has been mistaken for the beast by one of the littluns. Simon is the first to recognize man's evil nature, “Maybe it's only us” (89).
The Lord of the Flies represents the power of evil in everyone. He even refers to himself as the beast in his conversation with Simon, “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill” (143)! Because...