In my thesis, I am going to analyze the themes of Langston Hughes poems, “Mother to Son”, Harlem “A Dream Deferred”, and “Weary Blues”. I choose to analyze the three poems in my thesis since they closely deal with life challenges of hopes and dreams African Americans come to face.
The theme of these poems varies among each other. “Mother to Son” is about a mother, attempting to demonstrate her affection and concern towards her son through her wisdom, she imparts on him, and through the example of her own life experience, a climb up a staircase. Every mother wants their child to prosper in life. Mothers spend their time reassuring their children to pursue in their footsteps, seize on chance that will come, and not be frightened by any circumstances. The counsel given from the mother to her son is that life is full of ups and downs, and stumbling blocks. However, through all that life throws one has to retain the faith and keep on rising, there is no turning back or sitting down. This poem relates the staircase as a metaphor “Well, son, I’ll tell you: Life ain’t been no crystal stair” (Line 1-2).
The mother is implying to her son that life is not just something you can stroll through alongside with ease, but is a long, hard path that goes on forever. “It’s had tacks in it, and splinters, and boards torn up, and no carpet on the floor” (Line 3-6). Life presents you with obstacles and impediments can stand in your way, but you have to get passed them. The speaker attempts to communicate this message to her son, because she wants him to prepare and be ready for trials he could quickly face in his life. The speaker could be troubled or frightened of the choices her son could make, so she is informing him on how to deal with the adversity of living your life. She may have experienced comparable events, so she is warning her son of what might happen. Her lack of education leads to desiring her son to have a prosperous education. It is evident that the speaker is uneducated due to the recurrent use of colloquial speech in the poem. The mother doesn’t desire her son to avoid these staircases, but rather her son to forge onward and upwards. “So boy, don’t you turn back. Don’t you set down on the steps ‘Cause you finds it’s kinder hard. Don’t you fall now” (Line 14-17). The mother is teaching her son, to not sulk at tiny trials; it will make life harder than it’s presumed to be. The mother reveals how existence for her has been tough, but had not dimmed her spirits. Hughes tells how life is a hard ascent, but one have to be endeavored and attained, additionally through determination and bravery you can confront an uphill battle.
In Hughes poem “The Weary Blues” This poem is concentrated on African American and the fights of African American and racism that they had to face. The poem begins with a speaker telling someone about a piano player he heard a couple evenings ago. This piano player was playing a sluggish blues song with all his body and soul...