Theodore Roosevelt: Icon Of The 20th Century.

1272 words - 5 pages

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States of America. He succeeded McKinley as President, on his assassination in 1901. Roosevelt became very popular and became famous for tackling business monopolies, initiating the conservation of natural resources, his role in the development of the Panama Canal and his part in the Russo- Japanese War, which earned him the Nobel Peace Prize. He is without a doubt one of the most influential presidents of the 20th Century.He was born in New York on October 27, 1858 to a wealthy, upper class merchant. He was well educated and attended Harvard where he developed political interests. He married his first wife; Alice Lee in 1880 and in 1881 was elected to the state legislature. Then in 1884 tragedy struck and his wife died giving birth to their only child, a baby girl, even more unfortunate was the fact that eleven hours previously his mother had died. With this he left politics briefly, leaving to live on his ranch where he led the life of a cowboy but continuing to write a range of literature. In 1886 he remarried on a trip to London, to Edith Carow who became his most valued advisor. He went on to be assistant secretary of the navy, 1897-98, and during the Spanish- American War he commanded a volunteer force known as the Rough Riders. This made him known nationally, and he became a war hero. It was then he ran for governor and won, narrowly. This was when his main political career started and the time in history and his life we are looking from.It was his popularity that led him to becoming vice-President to William McKinley in 1900. It was in 1901 when McKinley was assassinated that Roosevelt became the youngest president in American history. In his first term of office he followed an activist foreign policy, which was in keeping with his personal motto of, "speak softly and carry a big stick". In 1903 he abetted a revolution in Panama. This led to the ambassador from Panama signing a treaty; this gave the U.S. the right to allow work to begin on constructing a canal enabling crossings possible. Not only were they able to build the canal but they were also able to possess the Canal Zone, which for a sum of money America then had complete control over, meaning protection for the canal. In 1904 a crisis about the Dominican Republic led to President Theodore Roosevelt formulating a policy that said the United States could intervene in any Latin American nation guilty of internal or external misconduct. This was called the Roosevelt Corollary. Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine justified subsequent US intervention in Caribbean issues. This corollary prevented the establishment of foreign bases in the Caribbean and allowed the right of intervening in Latin America to the U.S.He was the first American to win the Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation in the Russo- Japanese War in 1905. He used both public and private channels when the Russians and Japanese became locked in a war where...

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