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Theories In American Politics: Pluralism Essay

664 words - 3 pages

The pluralistic theory best explains the American political system wherein many group and individual’s interests are represented and there is no dominant class or elitist system of power with control over multiple aspects of government. While it may be argued that the pluralist theory is an optimist view of the power within the American government that underestimates the control wielded by the elite individuals or influential corporations it still portrays an accurate picture of the dispersed structure of power. The mere fact that political parties, economic classes and an array of interest groups exists gives credence to the pluralist theory. Competing interests vie for control of different aspects of the political system. At the same time politicians search for ways to represent the interests of their constituents effectively. All of this occurs within the dynamics of pluralism.
Pluralism allows for the involvement of the politically motivated as well as the casually engaged. In the pluralist system not all citizens are actively involved at all times. All citizens can choose their level of involvement within the political system. Additionally, reasonably recent elections indicate that individuals for a variety of ethnicity, religions and backgrounds have the ability to represent the citizens.” At least in theory, anyone can enter the political stratum where numerous interest groups compete and bargain for their goals” (Dahl 88). This does not limit entry to a particular group or faction of society and allows any group or individual to step forward and influence governmental action. The Tea Party movement of today is an example of individuals, previously uninvolved in politics, taking an active role is the persuasion of policy makers. Many events are considered ‘grassroots’ movements and stem from citizens passion about an issue and the movement of that issue into the political spotlight.
Pluralism results in a constant give and take of opposing factions in the political arena. There is no one group that is all powerful or influential in more than one realm of power. The elitist theory...

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