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Theories Of Career Development Essay

819 words - 4 pages

We are often told career development is a lifelong journey which incorporates managing learning, work, leisure, and transition in order to propel us toward a desired and ever evolving future; in essence it is about change. Often times when we are at a lost for direction in our career development, we reach out to career counselors for instructions in our pursuit. Counselors now understand when assistance is rendered one must consider the economic, cultural, and social background of the individual. The intent of this essay compares theories of career development and choice.

It is most important to first acknowledge the term theory in order to better understand the mechanisms of this topic. ...view middle of the document...

138). The psychological theorist focus is to scientifically study an individual’s mental function and behavior, believing it is most beneficial to be actively involved in one’s self as it brings satisfaction. Leaving this decision making process to chance is frowned upon. World War II introduced the idea of assigning people to a particular class for the purpose of being linked to the right occupation. Furthermore testing was initiated to engage intellectual measures to further solidify satisfactory performance.
Sociologically based theories concerns itself with career choice making, ultimately having minute interactions with career counseling however certain aspects are beneficial. The theory also place emphasis on the socio-economic status of the family, ironically race and gender is also a factor. We observed theories are most persuasive in its effort to encourage occupational choice and career development. Holland theory of vocational types seeks to reveal a main component of career choice development which is based on the individual’s behavior or personality, for example a person’s personality and the environment in which he or she works sparks occupational success.

Having a shortage of theories is not a concern as they are many ready for the choosing; waiting to provide helpful ways to promote insight on diverse work settings. Decision making theories encourages the idea choices made in our lives greatly affect our career development, choices regarding our education, job...

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