Theories Of Causation Of Crime And Its Solution

1232 words - 5 pages

If we studied through the history of criminal theory, spiritual and natural theories are taken as major theories of causation of crime. During medieval period, spiritual explanations were taken as punishment given by god for doing wrong things and any natural disasters like flood, fires, etc were evaluated as curse of high power. In modern period, the basic theories of causation of crime are classical theory, biological theory, psychological theory, cultural theory and conflict theory. The classical theory explains that free will acts as center of crime giving example of free will of children that may commit crime which cannot be paid once it committed. In the 19th century, the biological theory got public attention when Cesare Lombrose suggested that criminals cannot be identified by examining their body structures, number of toes, etc giving the research data that determined that ordinary people are mostly involved in crime than militants. Now, this theory is followed by Modern biological theory which signifies that chemical imbalance in brain results violence activities. It supports remarkable example of violence occurred due to lower portion of serotonin chemical and abuse of drugs alcohol (Fishbein 1990). Fishbein(2000) mentioned the relation of the damage of frontal lobe of brain and antisocial behavior. Similarly, psychological theory explains that mental illness of person convicts crime and is supported by Freud’s concept of id, ego and superego. Freud mentioned that any emotional trauma in children of 5 yrs age or above may result long –lasting negative influence. Likewise, the most common but important theory is sociological theory that deals with the conviction of crime related to society people in general. In the 19th century, Emile Durkheim explained that social crimes were evaluated minutely during Industrial Revolution across Europe in which rapid movement of people from one society to another increased the demand of food, shelter and clothing that ultimately resulted chaos and confusion in society. He showed the correlation of phenomena like poverty, divorce rates, religiosity, etc to suicide rates.
The sociological disorganization theory supports that socioeconomic disadvantage i.e. unemployment and gender inequality are considered as the significant factors that are responsible for crime. The world history pointed that the unemployment was considered as leading cause of Hitler arisen and breaking of the Second World War (1933-1945). During Hitler’s rule, unemployed youths were badly addicted to drugs and alcohol that encountered worse socioeconomic condition of German. The war caused casualties of 10 millions of people and destructed many physical infrastructures of the Europe. The unemployed situation leads to high possibility of crime due to unstable psychological state and economic restraints. The famous economist Karl Marx believed that capitalism...

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