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Theories Of Crime Essay

960 words - 4 pages

Juvenile delinquency is a social issue that has been without much success with regards to its redress. This has mostly been contributed to failures to fully understand the concept. The best way to address such an issue can only be through the understanding of the causation mechanism that has led to the situation. There is a dire need to get an understanding of the causes of juvenile delinquency within the society being the only way to adequately comes up with preventive measures against delinquency. This is based on the sheer knowledge and fact that treatment of these deemed offenders can only be upon a clear understanding as well as appreciation of its causation mechanisms that gave rise to its preference.
Albert Bandura in 1977, published his proposed Social Learning Theory, to which end he was of the opinion that human learning is as a matter of fact a continuous reciprocal collaboration of three factors, namely; cognitive, behavioral, and lastly environmental. This has in some quarters been referred to as observational learning. This so called social learning theory as was discussed by Wiesner, Capaldi, Patterson (2003, p. 318) was focused on behavior modeling, to which end it proposed that a child first observes and later imitates the observed behavior of the adults or of the other children that are around him or her.
To this end, three theories have been proposed that reflect the biological, sociological as well as psychological to try and understand this concept. This has greatly been fronted by Italian physician Cesare Lomboroso who proposed that some people were born with inherent antisocial behaviors (Bartol, 2005). There have also been proposals that certain physical attributes like high cheek bones, fat lips, and large ears, coupled by other features are more often than not connected with criminals. His concepts were disregarded by critics who came up with differing research contradicting his theory. Lombroso was however instrumental in the study and development of research as to the relationship between the genetics inference to criminal personality (Bartol, & Bartol, 2005).
William H. Sheldon on the other hand proposed a classification that proposed that the human physique was directly linked to crime which he referred to as somatotyping. He proposed three body styles in his classification. The Endomorphic Mesomorphic (hard and muscular), Ectomorphic (fragile and thin), and the last was the fat and soft. This proposal was also accepted amongst some circles whilst others claimed that it was short of some correlation. This is as depicted in the movie with reference to the physical attributes of Jim Stark as well as John ‘Plato’ Crawford.
Another proponent was Hans Eysenck who was of the thought criminal behavior commonly was resultant of an interaction of the nervous system to some environmental (Bartol, 2005). Hans has been seen to be an enthusiastic supporter in neurophysiological characteristics that show a relationship with...

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