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Theories Of Motivation Essay

3161 words - 13 pages

Theories of Motivation

Introduction into motivation

In this essay the writer is going to explore the concept of
motivation, this is hopefully going to be achieved through exploration
of the complex and variable nature of needs and expectations. Formal
and informal theories of motivation will be discussed, focussing on
the former. Mainly but this will involve mainly the formal theories
because these are the ones that content and process theories fall
under. Content and process theories of motivation will be evaluated
with particular emphasis on the links between motivation and
leadership. The writer will compare the various content theories and
process theories. Finally writer also aims to compare the various
content theories and process theories this will be done by brief
illustration of the main ones and analysis of the most influential
ones since some of the theories are similar in nature.

Motivation is one of the most crucial skill that a manager needs to
have it is the reason why it has to be studied it could be described
as a leadership skill because a good leader has to be able to motivate
their staff; firstly we need to know what motivation is. Motivation is
" a set of processes that moves a person towards a goal, thus
motivated behaviours are voluntary choices controlled by the
individual employee." The reason an employer motivates their employees
is to get the most out of them as in better work quality because there
is a link between motivation and performance better motivated staff
will put in more effort. The reason they will do this is because they
are after something content theories will argue that individuals are
motivated mainly because they want to satisfy their needs. On the
other hand process theories will argue that the reason staff are
motivated in a work situation is because they have expectations that
effort will result in a satisfying outcome I will explain the
exceptional theories later these are the basis of the process theory.

There are two main overall categories of theories of motivation these
are formal and informal theories of motivation informal theories are
based on assumptions of managers these are the assumptions on what
motivates staff. These are theory X and theory Y types of management
the basis of these is that theory X managers believe staff are not
motivated enough and dislike work and responsibility, theory Y
managers believe the opposite that staff are motivated and seek
responsibility. The other assumption-based theory is the social
assumptions. The Fredrick Taylor theory of motivation also falls under
the assumption based theories it is assumed that by Taylor money is
the only motivator and the last main assumption based theory was the
hawthorn studies about the impact of social relations on motivation.
The Hawthorne...

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