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Theories Of Psychosocial Development Essay

822 words - 4 pages

Erik Erikson’s theories of development are among some of the best-known theories regarding aging and developing. Erikson divided the stages of life into eight categories: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair. Each stage offers its unique age frame and focus.
Trust vs. mistrust happens between birth and 18 months of age. During this time, babies are beginning to learn who they can trust and who they can’t trust. This is the most fundamental stage of development because it determines if the child grows up believing the world is secure or if ...view middle of the document...

Industry vs. inferiority happens between ages five and eleven. This stage is vital in children developing a sense of pride and accomplishment through their abilities. Parents and teachers who do not adequately praise and encourage children will hinder their abilities to be successful and not doubt their abilities. Successfully completing this stage will lead to a filling of competence according to Erikson. Identity vs. confusion is from age eleven to nineteen. During this stage teens are ultimately exploring themselves. They are focusing on their self independence and who they are/want to be in the world. Success in this stage leads to self confidence and a feeling of independence and control. Failure will result in insecurities and confused and anxious feelings of the future. I can most closely relate to this stage in life. It was the longest stage I can remember going through. I first embarked on the journey of self discovery in the 6th grade and finally found who I want to be just last year. However, I did not have the confidence to express my desire and beliefs until just recently. My parents were very supportive in my journey and I know have a sense of confidence in myself and what my future holds. I personally think this is the hardest stage for young people to go through only because they will be judged and may be stopped during the process.
Stage six is intimacy vs. isolation. This stage occurs in early...

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