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Theories On The Existence Of God

1360 words - 6 pages

There are many groups of people that have differing views on God. Does he exist? Does

he not exist? These questions can be argued with countless theories as to why he does exist and

how there is no way that he does not exist or he does not exist and there is no way that he does

exist. Theists would argue that God does exist and there is good reason to think that he exists.

Agnostics, Atheists, and Fideists, on the other hand would argue that there is no good reason to

think that God exists. For some people they have no doubt that God exists. They are convinced

by experiences, theories, or just their faith alone, that God exists while others are not so easily

convinced on the existence of a perfect being that creates everything and keeps the world in

working order. According to the people that believe that God exists, God is a perfect being that

has these three attributes: omniscience, omnipotence, and omnibenevolent, or all knowing, all

powerful, and completely morally good. But is it really possible for there to be a perfect being in

existence or is it just a theory with no solid proof?

In “Does God Exist?” Philosopher Ernest Nagel offers three arguments to prove the

existence of God. Nagel argues that God exists because there had to be someone or something

that got the universe going. How did everything, all objects and forms of life, get here? There

had to be someone that put it there, right? According to Nagel, there had to be a “first cause” or

an “unmoved mover” to get the universe going and to keep it going. This is known as the

Cosmological argument. Nagel’s second argument, the Ontological argument, was that by

definition God is a being that is all perfection and his existence is a perfection, therefore God

exists. The third and final argument, known as the Anthropic Principle, was that the odds of life

coming about by chance are so extraordinarily low. The best explanation must be that someone,

God, made it happen on purpose. The natural world is far too complex and interrelated to have

happened by accident or by science theory like the Big Bang. God would have had to create the

science needed for that to take place.

There are some theories that may disprove Nagel’s Cosmological argument. If there can

be an “unmoved mover” why can’t that be the universe? The conclusion does not entail the

existence of a perfect being, or a God. Some more arguments can be made but they are

arguments that are trying to prove that God does not exist. God, by Definition would be

omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent, meaning that God is a perfect being. One of the

most popular arguments against the existence of God is that there is too much evil and suffering

in the world. So much suffering that an all knowing, all powerful, and morally good being should

never let his creations go through such terrible suffering as some people are forced to endure. If

there is a God he either is not strong...

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