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Theorist Erik Erikson And The Study Of Children

969 words - 4 pages

The Physical and Social development of children is important and Erikson studied how children grow and develop. There are eight stages of development. When Erikson first got started, Why he studies psychology and About the eight stages of development. He studies the different systems of children while they develop. He also studies the founding of adulthood.
The start of Erik Erikson, Erikson was a life theorist he became a life theorist by choice. He was once an artist. He once earned a certificate in Montessori education, Montessori is a school for children that focuses on independence and freedom(Erik Erikson: Ages, Stages, and stories). He started his career coming into America from Germany. Erikson has a quote “There is in every child at every stage a new miracle of various unfolding, which continues a new hope and a new responsibility for all.” Erikson’s first book called “childhood and society” “Erikson’s work has importance for every early childhood educator, because it shows how children develop the foundation for emotional and social development and mental health” (Monnery).
Why Erikson had an interest for studying children he studied a variety of symptoms on how children develop. In each stage he believed there was a crisis. In 1995 , kidwell,Dunham and Bacho quoted “Erikson has stressed the need for supportive interactions with significant others in order to provide strength phases of ego destruction.” one thing Erikson studied and focused on was religion. He say’s, “ act’s of devotion are personal not ritual acts.” Trust vs. mistrust is the first stage of many. “Erikson carried it out prior to his systematic formula of the theory."
Erikson went through lots of schools before coming to America. Erickson taught at a Vienna private school. He was once an artist teacher , History teacher and he also taught other subjects. Another school he taught at would be Harvard. " When he emigrated to America in the mid-1930s, Erikson had a difficult time in establishing a psychoanalytic career" (Weiland). This is when he began the study for children , studying psychology in each child.
Why he studied psychology of children, Erikson wanted to know the growth of the children. He believed these strength develop as a child and are critically important for the resourceful self. Erikson believed we have many things that make a person who they are "composite self" (Capps). Children gain ego strength, it increases physical development for a child (Kidwell, Dunham, Bacho).
Erikson studied the religion and culture of children .In the view of Ann Hibbins she say’s, “Each of Erikson’s four types of ritual has a parallel type of religious authority: certain types of religious authority encourage certain types ritual , and certain types of ritual encourage their corresponding authority structures” (capps). In one of Erikson’s theories, self- doubt he finds that children have confusion and conflicts (Kidwell,Dunham, Bacho).
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