Introduction and Background:
Social stratification is the structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and powers in a society it includes slavery, castes, the estate system, and social classes. Social stratification can been seen necessary through a functionalist eyes due to the fact that it motivates people to accept all jobs required for the society to survive. Conflict theorists see stratification as a major source of societal tension and conflict, different social levels with opposing interests can clash with one another over goals and resources. Interactionists stress the importance of social class in determining a person's lifestyle.
The most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals and racial groups is slavery. What distinguishes this oppressive system of stratification is that enslaved individuals are owned by other people, who treat these human beings as property, just as if they were household pets or appliances this was the case in the United States and Latin America, where slavery was an ascribed status, racial and legal barriers prevented the freeing of slaves. Slavery is a major reason why there is still a social stratification between racial groups in society today.
Race and ethnic relations discusses inequality between majority and minority races which is shaped by stratification and adds to class struggle. The social definitions of race and ethnicity still affect people's place and status in a stratification system, not only in the United States, but throughout the world. Castes are hereditary ranks that are usually religiously dictated and that tend to be fixed and immobile. The caste system is generally associated with Hinduism in India and other countries. In India there are four major castes, called Varnas. A fifth category of outcastes, referred to as the untouchables, represents 16 percent of the population; its members are considered as lowly and unclean as to have no place within this stratification system. The term caste can also be applied in recent historical contexts outside India. For example, the system of stratification that characterized the southern United States from the end of the Civil War through the 1960s resembled a caste system.
These social stratifications create different situations where people of different race, gender, age and ethnic groups interact with one another. In the United States when Whites and minorities interactions between one another it usually create some tension and are awkward due to social norms and unfamiliar situations between one another.
When discussing the struggles between age and gender it refers to the fight between younger people and older people, and male and female. When referring to older people and younger the main problem is usually the means and or use of technology or just understanding what’s happening now in our modern day. In the past, the fight between females and males was a landslide victory for...