Theory Of Justice Essay

668 words - 3 pages

There has been much written on John Rawls’ Theory of Justice (1971). This is because the notion of justice is a contentious issue, particularly when one attempts to apply it to the global scale. This poses a question with no simple answer – can there be a universal theory of global justice in a world characterised by cultural, economic and political difference? Modern analytical philosophy stipulates that one can achieve definite answers, as it can be compared to the natural sciences. Yet, it should be understood that political philosophies are highly circumstantial in nature. In this essay I will explore John Rawls’ theory of domestic justice with a particular focus on the difference principle. Then, I will critically discuss the possibility of applying Rawls’ theory of difference in the global context. Finally, I will outline the challenges that a global application of distributive justice may pose through the ignorance of social and cultural context.

Analytical political philosophy is a term that is problematic because of analysis’ relation to logic by definition. Twentieth century analytical philosophy apprehends a deeper truth by going beyond the purely physical by contemplating metaphysical theories and epistemologies, which are highly influenced by ones own construction of knowledge.
Rawls’ theory of distributive justice finds itself in the intersection of liberalism and socialism – and it is based in two key principles. The liberty principle suggests all people should have basic civil and liberal rights. In the domestic realm, the difference principle is centred in (re)distribution, where all people would have fair opportunities and equal rights. However, the interesting part of Rawls theory is that it suggests income inequality can be used in favour of equality if the distribution is constructed in favour of those in the least advantaged social positions. This is modelled in European/Scandinavian countries that use high taxes and more social benefits to reach a state of domestic justice or relative income equality. This would work for a constructive social difference – where In theory, it is this way that equality could...

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