Theory Of Knowledge And Its Justification

1586 words - 6 pages

In our fields of study such as: Natural Sciences, Human Sciences, and history, we seek to find order against the vast amount of uncertainties. To find this order, we will predict the cause, and then attempt to explain and understand the phenomena, whether physical, emotional, or mental. The direction we take to find these justifications is very different. The knowledge of natural sciences, and knowledge of history becomes encompassed by the idea that knowledge in and of itself is our beliefs supported by evidence, and justified for their certainty and truth.¡®Justify,¡¯ holds to prove something right, and to support our beliefs. To justify in some instances is rule out the oddity, to prove someone or something else wrong. We as the knower, and the keeper of knowledge relates it to many different fields. These fields are all connected with each other with one commonality, knowledge, and the justification of our own beliefs that hold to be true.Olen considered the levels of certainty, and the levels of justification. Can we prove something to be truer than the other? He explained the ¡®justification¡¯ of thoughts through ¡®Justification Chains¡¯ and ¡®Webs of Belief.¡¯ However, there were some inconsistencies in a ¡®justification chain.¡¯ This chain was linear, but is all our knowledge one straight line? Our ideas stem from anywhere and everywhere, therefore, do not agree with the justification chain. One example can be stemmed form the Natural Sciences.Natural Sciences seek to find regularities across the physical phenomena. Its main goal is to explain and understand this phenomena, but it must first predict the cause. The scientist then creates the hypothesis to the problem. Without the creation of this hypothesis, in science there would be not way of proving and justifying the hypothesis. To justify in the natural sciences is to find the solution to the problem. One scientist Semmelweis noticed a ¡®problem.¡¯ His problem was that in a hospital the pregnant women in Ward A had a higher than the women in Ward B. He created a hypothesis from his observations. He observed that the women in Ward A lied their backs, and the women in Ward B on their sides. This was an example of an experimental problem. By changing the lying position of the women in both wards, Semmelweis was able to see if that was the problem. He tested his hypothesis, but consequently it was not correct. Therefore, he had to create another hypothesis. He predicted that the doctors and nurses caring for these women did not wash their hands properly in Ward A. This turned out to be the answer to the problem. Our phenomenon was that women in one Ward were dying more than the other. The scientist created the hypothesis and tested it. By experiments and non-experiments (observations made on the women) the scientists were able to justify his hypothesis. He believed...

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