Theory Of Meaning In Ancient Inidia Note: The Article Is Composed In Dv1 Tt Yogesh Font.

1200 words - 5 pages

Theory of Meaning in Ancient IndiaSamir KarmakarStudy of language in ancient India should be understood as a way to retrieve the past legacy of the Vedic world. Because, as a text, Veda was the source of power, and it constituted the vortex of the Vedic society. It was believed that Veda is omnipresent and all pervasive. It is beyond any kind of doubt. Only in the next generation of Vedic sages when the Vedic language faced a considerable amount of distortion, from its previous form, due to the ongoing contact and convergence process among the various racial groups, an effort was taken by the ancient scholarsto restore the hegemony of the Vedic authority over the newly emerging Diasporas. This type of effort was directed towards three different directions:1. there was an effort to retrieve the phonological quality of the Vedic language2. an effort was taken to restore the grammaticality of the Vedic language3. and the effort to restore the semantic quality.The philosophical thought of Bhatrihari belongs to the third type of restoration; whereas the works of Prati¿¡kÀyas and the work of P¡nini are the prominent example of the first and second kind of restoration process.But before moving to the main discussion relating to the theory of meaning as it is perceived by the Ancient Indian Scholar, one should take a tour through the colorfulworld of Ancient Indian Thoughts. According to the Indian scholars individual word doesn't have any meaning. What ever meaning we ascribe to it, basically is a projection of the underlying aspect of the semantic space, only where a word is defined as a means of vehicle to convey meaning, with the virtue of its functional relation with the other conceptual reality. This underlying semantic space have theexternal world as the causal stimuli, but at the same time it is not always true that the external world should always be granted as the causal instrument of the inner principle, i.e the semantic space. If the inner principle is always considered as the shadow of the outer reality then there are so many things which will remain untouched because of having no objective correspondence. Now the importance of this inner principle should be understood only within the socio-cultural matrix of a particular speech community.In spite of all these debates we should come back again in our discussion. When we talk about the fact that word don't have any meaning in absolute isolation, it means that it has meaning only when it comes under the propositional frame-work. We will elaborate this fact in the following example:jale j¡tam= jala- + -×i- + j¡ta- + -am= jala- + -F1 - + Öjan- + -Kta- + -am= jala- + -F- + jaF- + -F- + -Úa- + -am= jalajamNow let us try to understand the meaning of jalajam, which can be translated in a direct way to mean lotus. But here originates the difference between the East and the West. The meaning of the word jalajam is jale j¡tam, means "born in...

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