Theory of Music and its Effects on Health and Wellness
Chronic diseases are a problem for the mind and body. Not only are chronic diseases harmful to the body, they take a toll on a person’s psychological wellbeing. Depression, anxiety, and stress are the most common problems associated with chronic diseases. They are harmful to the body and inhibit recovery. However, the theory of music has been proven to decrease stress, depression, and contribute to improved health. Patients with chronic diseases who listen to soothing music have shown improvement in mood, emotion, and their overall psychological state, therefore enhancing their health. In order to implement this treatment, the medical team must consider the whole patient not just the physical and emotional but their age, spiritual beliefs, and music preferences. Then, the medical team can create a customized music therapy program into the whole medical plan.
There is scientific evidence that shows that listening to soothing classical music is effective in eliminating pain. This is a break-through treatment for achieving control over pain in patients. Test results show that the neurons in the amygdala and hypothalamus slow down their action potential while the patient is listening to relaxing music. In decreasing the sympathetic nervous system the parasympathetic takes over to decrease heart rate, respiration, and muscle tension. This calming effect on the immune system allows the body to relax, thereby allowing the medical staff to focus on medical intervention (Stuckey). For example, one patient who had Parkinson’s disease, it was reported that the tremors had been random and at times uncontrollable. After receiving music therapy, the tremors became mild and the patient was able to redirect and gain control (Martinez 2009).
In pediatric intensive care units, children on mechanical ventilators are often terrified. The ventilators cause fear, sleep deprivation, inability to communicate, discomfort, immobility, and confusion for the pediatric patient. This stress and anxiety can affect the recovery of the child if the medical team does not take care of the patient’s emotional state. The typical way to alleviate anxiety is to use pharmacological sedation however; the side effects are serious and include vomiting, respiration difficulties, and depression. Over the years, research has been done on using pharmacological drugs verses non-pharmacological prescriptions, the non-pharmacological prescriptions have been proven to work better. Prescribed music therapy or “singing medicine,” has increased in pediatric hospitals and clinics. The healing power of children’s songs can distract and relax the pediatric patients. In addition, the music therapy decreases heart rate, respiration rate, and anxiety. Though, classical music is calming to adults, the genre is not as effective on children. This study suggests that using music that is familiar to the child is more effective than classical music...