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Vygotsky´S Zone Proximal Development Essay

1034 words - 5 pages

Vygotsky has had a profound impact on developmental psychology. One of his main contributions was the idea of zone proximal development. He places emphasis the shaping of cognitive development. He is one of the first in children development that emphasized on cultural context. I have chosen his theory and what it entails for this paper because its very interesting and some certain parts of his theory like scaffolding and the zone proximal development were relatable to my experience at my field site.
This theorist believed that our minds, cognition, and psychological abilities could be development with mental tools as much our physical tools expand our physical abilities. This concept is called the “tools of the mind”. This is something that can be useful to all educators, tutors, and parents. They can reassure the youth that they should not limit themselves and be all that can be to the best of their abilities. When “tools of the mind” is applied to children, especially at an early age this can increase their chances of being able to effectively function in school and in the world. They need to gain a set of tools, well “mental tools” and conquer them. As a service learner I feel that’s partly what we are put at these sites for. We should be helping the students and try our best to encourage them to use their mental tools to advance them. Some of these students don’t know they have the tools that can allow them to resolve problems. This concept of the “tools of the mind” state that until children discover and learn their mental tools the environment controls their learning. When they master their mental tools they will be in control of their learning. Along with converting cognitive behavior, mental tools transform emotional and social behavior as well. It is up to the parents and teachers even us, the service learners to introduce them to this concept and its all possible because of Vygotsky’s theories and concepts.
The interface of children/students with social environments is important to development. That is the core of Vygotsky’s cultural theories. After school programing can supply children with this social environment. They get a chance to interact with other students and children. Children make friends and can start to develop social relationships. Students can get the attention they need that they don’t get at home or maybe from teachers at afterschool programs. The programs provide a positive surrounding for students to be. Social environments do have an effect on them. It can be positive or negative, so it’s important that where they decide to be is going to have an optimistic and profound effect on children. As a service learner, I learned that by just being around and being there with them weekly is giving them a positive social environment that they might not get at home or the neighborhood they reside. Also the afterschool program allows them to keep friendships and...

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