This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Therapeutic Medicine Essay

1505 words - 7 pages

3.4) Possible Risks

3.4.1) Reactivation of Viral Vectors

Concerns have been raised regarding the spread of porcine viruses through the xeno-transplanted organs. Pigs have been discovered to contain Porcine Endogenous Retroviruses (PERVs) which are fragments of viruses that are millions of years old. By transplanting porcine organs into humans, reactivation of these PERVs may occur. Scientists say that the risks of these PERVs reactivating and the spread of porcine viruses to humans is unlikely however, the risk of the formation of a new strand of diseases is still imminent and care should be taken by the scientists as not to accidentally create a new strand of human disease that could ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, the allergic reactions experienced by humans will only become known in the near future after comprehensive studies have taken place.

3.5) Ethical Debate

The technology being used is new and still inefficient in that the surplus of animals that are being genetically modified contrasts the few results yielded from the studies. This leads to the argument that too many innocent animals, usually cows and pigs, are being exposed to harmful procedures that endanger their lives and more often than not, end them. Altering the genetic makeup of an organism has proven to cause unanticipated side-effects experienced by the organism. This was seen when a group of genetically modified livestock experienced lameness, organ failure, increased stress and reduced ability to conceive offspring as a result of their procedures (Ormandy, 2011).

Animal rights activists question the need for genetic modification and the creation of transgenic organisms. The aim of a xeno-transplantation is to save the lives of humans, however, the animals being used as donors are being killed in the process, therefore, the rights of the animals should be taken into account. Animal rights advocates are opposed to the idea of sacrificing an animal for the benefit of humans. They believe that it is against nature to combine a human with an animal tissue. They also question the effect that the genetic modification will have on the welfare of the animals involved. Humans have the right to their possessions. In the same way, animals have the right to their organs that they possess. It is said that by taking an organ or tissue from an animal for research or transplantation, it is a violation of animal rights (Ormandy, 2011).

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, the use of transgenic organisms and genetic modification is definitely crucial to the development of therapeutic medicine in the future. As seen above, there are many areas in which the genetic modification of organisms will benefit and has benefitted mankind greatly. The possibilities with genetic modification in the therapeutic medicine sector are endless: A solution to the worldwide malaria epidemic has been discovered, the answers to the worldwide need for transplant organs are being researched, developed and used, the insulin shortage has been solved and diabetics can now receive the insulin they need, the human immune system will be able to be strengthened to fight off diseases and possibly cure cancer. There are countless other discoveries to be made in the therapeutic medicine sector, however, much research needs to be done to make these discoveries.

In addition to all of the success that genetic modification will bring, there are hurdles that need to be overcome. There are risks that arise from these procedures such as the reactivation of dormant viruses and the formation of new allergies. Along with these risks comes the ethical debate. Animal Rights and ethics need to be taken into account and this will cause...

Find Another Essay On Therapeutic Medicine

Identify And Discuss Ways In Which People's Beliefs About Health And Healing Can Influence The Therapeutic Relationship. Use Case Study Material From The CD-Rom To Illustrate Your Answer

2152 words - 9 pages beliefs about health and healing and how their views can influence the therapeutic relationship, it will also discuss what is meant by the therapeutic relationship. This essay will then address the questions of; does orthodox medicine offer a therapeutic relationship or is the therapeutic relationship solely in the realm of the CAM practitioners? Do all users of health care benefit from a therapeutic relationship or can problems arise from a

The Power of Healing Essay

913 words - 4 pages medicine or unconventional therapies we make basic assumptions about the healing process"(24) Therapeutic Touch is done by concentrating one's energy, and directing this focused energy through one's hands to a person or animal. Physical contact is not always necessary, but sometimes is appropriate. My mother, Barbara Cull-Wilby, PhD., R.N., has studied practiced and lived TT since 1987. When I was five years old, my family and I Lived in

hippotherapy

727 words - 3 pages Hippotherapy and Therapeutic Riding 5Hippotherapy and Therapeutic RidingA Review of the ArticleEmily ArtripOct 100, Article ReviewAnnette LooneyOctober 7, 2014Laurie Hiemenz, explains in, Hippotherapy & Therapeutic Riding, the similarities and the differences of therapeutic horseback riding and hippotherapy. She clarifies the therapeutic mechanisms of hippotherapy and therapeutic horseback riding in depth. Laurie tells the history of the two

hoppotherapy

727 words - 3 pages Hippotherapy and Therapeutic Riding 5Hippotherapy and Therapeutic RidingA Review of the ArticleEmily ArtripOct 100, Article ReviewAnnette LooneyOctober 7, 2014Laurie Hiemenz, explains in, Hippotherapy & Therapeutic Riding, the similarities and the differences of therapeutic horseback riding and hippotherapy. She clarifies the therapeutic mechanisms of hippotherapy and therapeutic horseback riding in depth. Laurie tells the history of the two

Alternative Medicine: Is it Effective?

1535 words - 6 pages Alternative Medicine: Is it Effective?While some medical technicians and doctors search for the cures for such life-altering diseases as leukemia, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and asthma, others claim to have derived a safe, effective treatment through alternative medication. Alternative medicine, an unrelated group of non-orthodox therapeutic practices, which have no satisfactory scientific explanation for their effectives (Collinge xix

Should Human Cloning Be Pursued?

1209 words - 5 pages continue so that it can be used to save lives improve the practice of medicine. Reproductive cloning on the other hand is unethical and should never be allowed. Measures need to be taken to control research on therapeutic cloning, and cloning in general, so that the creation of a human clone never happens. Works Cited Bush, George W. "President Bush’s Speech on Cloning." White House. 10 Apr. 2002. PBS. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.

Complementary Medicines - The Case Against Their Supply in Pharmacy

1760 words - 7 pages include “herbal medicines, traditional medicines, vitamins and minerals, nutritional supplements, homeopathic medicines and aromatherapy products” as defined by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (Therapeutic Goods Administration, 2007). Complementary medicine use has become widespread, and by all accounts, consumer demand is increasing further. A 2004 representative population survey conducted within Australia revealed that 52% of Australians

expectections of psych clinicals

8714 words - 35 pages availability of research-grade marijuana, and the debate over legalization. Marijuana's categorization as a Schedule I controlled substance raises significant concerns for researchers, physicians, and patients. As such, the College's policy positions on marijuana as medicine are as follows: Position 1: ACP supports programs and funding for rigorous scientific evaluation of the potential therapeutic benefits of medical marijuana and the publication of

anthro

605 words - 3 pages animals because they are seen as having essential powers and curing properties. The true sing’anga who is occasionally a woman would bring out these powers from the plants and animals by becoming a diviner or an herbalist. Furthermore, Morris points out four main points regarding the use of medicine. First, use of medicines by local people serve a variety of purposes in therapeutic and social problems relating to the individual of the immediate family

Therapeutic Use of Animals Description

1608 words - 6 pages dedicated knowledge of the profession (Powell, 2012). Potential Target Groups Research demonstrates that the therapeutic use of animals may be beneficial to a wide range of individuals. Research findings support the positive benefits of therapeutic animals working with the geriatric population within nursing homes, long-term care and hospital settings (Banks & Banks, 2002). Also within the hospital setting, therapeutic animals have been used

Cloning: Breaking New Ground And Old Notions

991 words - 4 pages . "Transplant Rejection: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 26 June 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. Coors, Marilyn E. "Therapeutic Cloning: From Consequences To Contradiction." Journal Of Medicine & Philosophy 27.3 (2002): 297. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. Gillam, Lynn. "The 'More-Abortions' Objection To Fetal Tissue Transplantation." Journal Of Medicine & Philosophy 23.4

Similar Essays

Therapeutic Cloning In Medicine Of The Future

1405 words - 6 pages Therapeutic Cloning: Medicine of the Future When most people hear the word clone, they are not thinking of something that treats disease and severe injuries. Instead, the first thing that comes to mind is an identical copy of a human that is created in a lab. However, this is rarely what scientists are referring to when they are using this term. What they are talking about is a very different process, known as therapeutic cloning, in which

Is The Use Of Transgeneric Organisms Essential To The Advancement Of Therapeutic Medicine?

1497 words - 6 pages 3. Process of findings Upon doing research on the topic of genetic modification and the use of transgenic organisms in the advancement of therapeutic medicine, one finds much information containing different viewpoints as to whether genetic modification and the creation of transgenic organisms is or is not essential to the development of therapeutic medicine. Therefore, to arrive at a definite conclusion, one must look further into the

Is The Use Of Transgeneric Organisms Essential To The Advancement Of Therapeutic Medicine?

2097 words - 9 pages that have been successfully grown with human cells and transplanted into human patients. The demand that the human population has on donor organs far exceeds the number of organs available for transplant. Genetic modification is the solution to this problem, in that, the advances being made in therapeutic medicine will save millions of lives in the future. Now that it is possible to alter the genes of an organism and to grow organs out of human

Therapeutic Cloning Essay

2585 words - 10 pages , the addition of a transgene containing the two coding regions required for the production of telomerase could repair telomere lengths and thus rise the survival of the transplanted cells, which would rise the success rate of therapeutic cloning for recreating medicine. This plan needs more research to be achievable (Kfoury, C 2007). Animal models of human syndromes can be planned through therapeutic cloning for research purposes. Although a