According to Psychodynamic theorists human behaviour is determined by past childhood experiences as well as both unconscious and subconscious inner thoughts and feelings. The development of our personality takes place in stages, complications at any stage of our development is understood to have significant consequences on our future behaviour. Psychodynamic approach considers all behaviours to be pre-determined and to unconsciously have a root cause. One Psychodynamic theorist Erik Erikson developed a theory known as the ‘8 Stages of Development’. Within this theory Erikson outlines 8 major life crises which he believed to be significant in terms of individual growth and development. Erikson believes that at each stage of our development there is a life crises we must work through. After which there are two outcomes, one positive and one negative, which will have implications in the formation of our identity. We will develop a mixture of both outcomes from each stage. However if the positive outweighs the negative, then the ego strength will arise. This suggests that we will have a stronger sense of who we are.
Evaluate the Theory
The Psychodynamic approach helps care workers to comprehend the ways in which past childhood experiences have the capacity to be influential on an individual’s current behaviours. Erik Erikson’s ‘8 Stages Of Development’ suggests that there is a possibility for ego strengths to be developed in later stages of life which gives an optimistic view, for the individual and their carer’s, that there is opportunity for change. Erikson’s theory however does not detail how the outcome from each individual stage influences personality in the impending stages nor does it clarify what types of experiences we must have in order to successfully resolve crises at each individual stage of development. Interactions in care settings may be too brief for the care worker to get to know the individual well enough to work with them in any great detail. Most importantly individuals in the real world, do not fit easily into stage models. This consequently may lead to care workers getting lost in trying to ‘fit’ individuals into the theory as appose to using the theory merely as a guide line.
The Humanistic approach believes that individual behaviour must be understood from the unique...