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There Are Five Branches Of Schizophrenia

1937 words - 8 pages

Schizophrenia is a disorder in which the affected person experiences strange thoughts, disturbing emotions, and social withdrawal. Although the disorder has existed since ancient times, the term Schizophrenia and the true understanding of it has only been present for the last one hundred years. In 1911, Eugen Bleuler (a psychiatrist from Switzerland) came up with the term “Schizophrenia.” The term literally means “splitting of the mind.” Bleuler also distinguished the different groups of symptoms for the disorder. There are five different branches of Schizophrenia: Paranoid Schizophrenia (in which the person has false beliefs and delusions of persecution and/or delusions of grandeur), ...view middle of the document...

The procedure affects the emotions of the patient which generally causes the patient to become “less agitated and aggressive” (Schizophrenia History).
The symptoms of Schizophrenia are grouped into positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and psychomotor symptoms. Positive symptoms are pathological excesses to a person’s behavior. A person with Schizophrenia may experience delusions in which they strongly believe something to be true but is factually impossible. Different types of delusions include delusions of persecution (in which the person becomes paranoid that he or she is being plotted or discriminated against, spied on, slandered, threatened, attacked, or victimized), delusions of reference (in which the person attaches personal meaning to other people’s actions, various objects, or events), delusions of grandeur (in which the person think of themselves in very high positions such as great inventors, religious saviors, etc.), and delusions of control (in which the person believes that another person has control of his or her feelings, thoughts, and actions. A person with Schizophrenia may also experience hallucinations in which he or she encounters sights, sounds, etc. that are not actually present. Other symptoms in the positive symptom category include formal thought disorders (in which the person feels confused and finds communication incredibly difficult), loose associations or derailment (in which the person rapidly shifts from one conversation topic to another), and inappropriate affect (in which the person expresses emotions that are inappropriate for the situation). Negative symptoms are symptoms that seem to be losses in normal thought, emotions, or behaviors. These symptoms include the person with Schizophrenia feeling drained of energy, uninterested in average goals, and withdrawn from his or her usual social environment. Psychomotor symptoms are awkward movements, repeated grimaces, or odd gestures. People with Schizophrenia may experience catatonic stupor, catatonic rigidity, catatonic posturing, or catatonic excitement.
There are several possible causes of Schizophrenia. A major cause of Schizophrenia is thought to be genes. The majority of people diagnosed with the disorder have a relative who also has the disorder. Also Schizophrenia can result from a defect in the certain gene that produces important brain chemicals. Environmental factors such as prenatal viruses or malnutrition or complications during delivery can also lead a person to develop Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia may also be caused by brain abnormalities such as excessive levels of dopamine, larger ventricles in the brain, and problems that occurred during brain development.
There are several techniques used to treat the symptoms of Schizophrenia. Generally the most effective treatment for Schizophrenia is the use of antipsychotic medications which fix confused and distorted thinking. Common antipsychotic medications used are...

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