Bravery, strength, and leadership are just a few of the characteristics possessed by Theseus of Greece and Romulus of Rome. Plutarch, a Greek historian, explains lives each of these men. These men were different from any of the other men during Ancient Greece and Rome; according to Plutarch, they were descendants of the divine, which ultimately destined them for greatness. Throughout their lives, they would achieve power through various events and establish the societies and politics of two the greatest cities in history. The paths that each took and the events that occurred in their lives molded them into the heroes while also contributing to the legacy they would leave behind.
Monarchs ruled Athens, before the life of Theseus. To kept the monarchy in control and continue the current rulers authority, an heir had to be born. Conflict between the current ruler and those who wanted to take over his position was always inevitable. In Plutarch writing, Theseus was born to the king of Athens, Aegeus, and Aethra, the daughter of the wise Pittheus. After Aegeus’ encounter with Aethra, he left shoes and a sword under a rock so that if he did produce an heir he would return to Athens to be at his father’s side. Aegeus knew that if he did produce an heir that he had to keep the child a secret so that his enemies, the fifty sons of Palla, would not kill the child. When Aethra’s son was born her, her father claimed that little Theseus’ father was the god of the sea, Poseidon, hiding the secret of the real father. In addition, it is possible that Poseidon was said to be the boy’s father because this could boost the boy’s reputation as he grew.
While Athens prepared for the encounter of a young man that would change their city, Plutarch explained the beginnings of Rome. Romulus and Remus were the sons of Rhea, a vestal virgin, and Mars the god of war; being a vestal that gave birth was punishable in the cruelest manner. Rhea’s brother, Amulius, could not let the twins live because he feared that they would take over his throne in Alba. According to Plutarch, the boys were more than human size and very beautiful; when abandoned they retained their size and health while being nursed by a she-wolf. The first years of their lives set the origins for the establishment of Rome and gave the future people of Rome a reason to love being Romans. As the boys grew, their strength and abilities became known; they would partake in various exercises and honest studies. Young Romulus felt a strong connection to his divine ancestry and knew that he was born to rule rather than obey.
Romulus and Remus were known for their riddance of oppressors, thieves, and robbers. As was Theseus, when he made his way to Athens he took the risk of walking from Troezen to Athens, instead of traveling by sea as instructed by his mother and grandfather. Once Theseus found out that, he came from noble blood or possible from divine ancestry, he took it upon himself to seek out the bandits...