Defense of the Humanity of Christ. Jesus Christ was without a doubt a real, living, breathing human being. His human nature is separate and distinct from His divine nature, yet unified in the person that He is. He was not God merely making himself appear as a person: He was truly human. Jesus's humanity is very clear from the testimony of scripture and records of his life.
Jesus's humanity is attested to by scripture through the accounts of people who view Him as an ordinary person. He was born of a human mother, experiencing the natural process of gestation and birth (though miraculously conceived) just like every other person on this planet (Luke 2:7). According to Luke 2:52, Jesus went through a human growth process. The disciples viewed Jesus as a human, both seeing and touching His body (1 John 1:1). Other verses, like Matthew 13:55, show that Jesus did indeed look like a human. John 7:5 says that even Jesus's brothers did not believe in His deity, seeing Him as only a man. It is clear that those who knew Jesus saw Him as a man.
The humanity of Christ is also established by the fact that Jesus experienced human emotions, events, and feelings. For example, when Jesus was fasting in the desert for forty days, He experienced hunger (Matthew 4:2). At the end of His fasting, Jesus was so terribly exhausted and weak that angels had to come and minister to Him (Matthew 4:11). When Jesus was on the cross, He experienced thirst (John 19:28). Jesus also became fatigued and tired, just like everyone else (John 4:6). The ultimate human experience that Christ endured was His death on the cross (Luke 23:46). All of Jesus's experiences, as recorded by the Bible, demonstrate that He was truly human.
The final argument for Jesus's humanity is the fact that He called himself a man. He knew He was God but also man. John 8:40 (ESV) says, "but now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did." In this verse, Jesus makes an explicit claim to His human nature. Jesus also repeatedly refers to Himself as "Son of Man" throughout the gospels -- a claim to both His deity and His humanity. This makes it clear that Jesus was in fact a man.
Defense of the deity of Christ. A vast number of scholars refuse to acknowledge the deity of Christ. Scripture, however, is very clear that Jesus Christ was both God and man. Evidence of Jesus's deity is found throughout scripture and the records of His life.
The Bible records Jesus as having divine attributes. Jesus Himself claimed to be eternal (John 8:58). Jesus also demonstrated His divine attributes, particularly when he demonstrated his omniscience to the woman at the well. In John 4, Jesus approaches a woman and tells her things about her life that He could not have possibly known if He was only human. He tells her about her relationships in a way that no ordinary man could have. In His interaction with her, He exercises His deity by using His omniscience. Jesus's...