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Third World Development Essay

2159 words - 9 pages

Within the last 60 years, Third World development has been a global priority, at the top of virtually every Western agenda. And with the rise of the global population and poverty levels continuing to rise along with it, it is very easy to see why human development is becoming such a topic of focus and discussion among members of the academia. But one question that everyone wants the answer too is, how does Third World development fit into Globalization? Despite apparent compatibility, when closely examined it is clear to see that Globalization actually contradicts Third World development due to the conflict of agendas. Both Globalization and Development hold views concerning market reform, social structure and regulation, which are incompatible at best and totally contradictory at worst. It is because of this, that one must be dominant over the other, and thanks to the power of transnational capital, Globalization emerges as the victor at the expense of the impoverished citizens of developing nations. Using Mexico and its economic relationships as a reference point and a parallel to Globalization, I intend on outlining the opposing agendas found in Neoliberal and Development camps, despite what looks like harmony between the two.
Before discussing underdevelopment and its relationship with globalization we must first have a thorough understanding of underdevelopment and its history. Presently the majority of Latin America, let alone Mexico, is caught in the web of underdevelopment. But this is not simply due to present day circumstances, the build up to this has been in centuries-long participation in the process of world Capitalist development (Frank, 108). Today the bonds of colonialism have long been broken but the consequences continue to linger. In hopes of fending off Capitalism, poverty and neocolonialism, Socialist and extreme leftist regimes have overthrown governments and taken over the Latin American scene. The lifeblood of these regimes is the dissatisfied citizens, the unimpressed masses who desire revolution and freedom from poverty, which is propogated to have risen out of Capitalist involvement in the Americas. Capitalist economies, on the other hand, believe that it has nothing to do with their involvement and instead sees these stages of development as natural, something that every economy will go through, if they have not already. Despite the appeal, it is untrue to say that every developed nation has gone through stages of development that todays underdeveloped nations are going through. As Andre Gunder Frank puts it “the now developed countries were never underdeveloped, though they may have been undeveloped” (104). This goes to show that the playing field was not even for all, and that today's developing nations had a headstart in developing.
Underdevelopment can also be, and has been, understood as a reflection or product of the economic, social, political and cultural characteristics of said country. Yet with a look...

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