Thirteen Days: The Cuban Missile Crisis.

1043 words - 4 pages

Film Study: Thirteen DaysThroughout the film, spy activity and technology occurred regularly. From the start of the film , U2 spy planes were used to locate trucks carrying nuclear weapons in Cuba. Spy activity continued throughout the ordeal, one notable occasion being when spy planes were sent over a Cuban missile base and shot photographs, getting fired upon.Military chiefs were in great opposition to President John F. Kennedy's rational, peaceful methods, opting to use great force against the Cubans and Russian military occupying Cuba. The military chiefs created a problem by conspiring against President Kennedy's ideas on several occasions throughout the course of the film.The U.S. had spy planes doing random checks over Cuba and on studying the photos taken by one of the spy planes, what appeared to be 'surface to surface' missiles were discovered. Further investigation found the missiles were medium range ballistic missiles.The presence of IRBM's and MRBM's within Cuba was a huge threat to America. The missiles could kill 80 million American civilians in 5 minutes and cripple retaliatory methods by hitting U.S. bases. Such a move proves that the Soviet Union were a great threat to the U.S and that they intended to threaten America or attack them.America had to find a way to remove the missiles. They could use international pressure or an air strike. Either would cripple attempts to resolve the cold war further. A land invasion was an option but the move might be too slow and long-winded to avoid imminent missile attack. Making a deal with the enemy was another option. The consequence of such a move would be that America would appear to be giving in and seem weak in the eyes of it's enemies.The Kennedies resisted the air-strike option because they didn't want the situation to get out of hand. President Kennedy didn't want to resort to acts of war and a sneak attack was against what the US stands for. Kennedy preferred the idea of a blockade, the peaceful option protecting his nation, presumably, from an act of war.Military leaders were pushing congress so hard to attack Cuba because they are very aggressive by nature with the belief that they can "blow them out of the water." The military leaders opposed the Kennedies and their opinions, believing that Cuba and the Soviets would not retaliate to an attack.The blockade was the option of choice because it attracted much positive response from congress and others within President Kennedy's immediate company. Also, with twenty to thirty Soviet ships making their way to Cuba, a blockade prevents any more missiles entering the nation.The incident in which reconnaissance planes filming over Cuba was not covered in history books due to a government cover-up at the time. The firing upon the US plane would be considered an act of war which is what Kennedy was trying to avoid.The American public was shocked and mildly chaotic. They were also very supportive of Kennedy, due to their immense patriotism....

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