"This Mad Young Man" How Mad Is The Prince Of Denmark?

2481 words - 10 pages

The character of Hamlet is often referred to as the “Renaissance man” (Lacey Baldwin Smith, 1967) and the Romantic French author, Alexandre Dumas Père, claimed that “after God, Shakespeare has created the most”. Over the past 400 years the play itself has been subjected to feverish analysis by scholars, psychologists, and critics – Hamlet is timeless. Indeed, as the First Folio published in 1623 states, William Shakespeare’s plays are meant to be “reade… againe and againe”.It is believed that Hamlet was first enacted in July 1602 at the Globe Theatre in London, and although its productions have changed dramatically over the centuries – with the introduction of artificial lighting, modern music and stage effects – it remains one of the most frequently performed plays of all time. One of the main reasons behind the revenge tragedy’s success is the playwright’s ability to construct complex and intricately detailed characters, which seem to not only have a voice and personality, but a deeper conscience, too. No two performances ever portray Prince Hamlet of Denmark in the same light, for the play is riddled with ambiguities. It is, therefore, up to directors and actors to decide how to answer one of the most controversial questions: was Hamlet’s madness ever real, or was it all merely an act?To answer whether or not Hamlet is such, the possible causes of his madness must first be examined. From the prince’s first appearance in Act I Scene 2, it is clear that he is very much disturbed. It seems that the main reason is due to “His father’s death, and [Gertrude’s and Claudius’s] o’erhasty marriage” (II.ii.57). Indeed, “The funeral baked meats / Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables” (I.ii.180-181). The Elizabethan audience at the time could relate this to Mary Queen of Scots, who not only failed to mourn for her husband’s death, but married his rumoured murderer, the Earl of Bothwell, shortly after. Furthermore, although traditional culture once encouraged the marriage between a brother-in-law and a widow, Elizabethan laws had recently declared it an act of incest around the time Hamlet was written. Thus, the marriage between Gertrude and Claudius would be regarded as an offence . Hamlet is consequently left both grief-stricken and embarrassed, even furiously exclaiming the infamous line, “frailty, thy name is woman” (I.ii.146) in his first soliloquy as he expresses his utmost disgust. According to Ernest Jones in his book, Hamlet and Oedipus, it is also likely that Hamlet’s jealousy stems from oedipal feelings towards his mother, which eventually causes his madness. This is exemplified through Hamlet’s anguish throughout the play about his mother’s remarriage. The audience may note that the prince says “Farewell dear mother” (IV.iii.53) before departing to England despite the fact that...

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