This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

This Essay Analyzes Manipulation In Verbal Communication. It Cites Various Studies Done In The Late 80's And 90's On The Types Of Verbal Deception.

2223 words - 9 pages

UNDERSTANDING DECEPTIVE MESSAGES IN VERBAL DISCOURSEConor L. MurphyUniversity of PortlandThis study serves to attain a better understanding of deception types and the nature of verbal manipulation. In this report analysis of various research was used to come to a consensus on the different types of verbal deception and how they affect apparent message competence and manipulative qualities. Analysis confirms that the Information Manipulation Theory is the best indicator of deception types in Western Discourse. Through careful evaluation, evidence seems to suggest that manipulations of quality, quantity, relation, and manner all significantly influence perceived message competence and deceptiveness. The violation of quality was found to be the most deceptive.Two major avenues of study have risen in deception research. One looks at a persons ability to detect deceptive messages. The other inquires what makes up a deceptive message. While this article touches on both, it focuses on the latter issue. When looking at types of message deceit, this study sought to find what types of messages are involved in manipulation and what types of are perceived as being the most manipulative. Manipulation in communication is defined as messages intended to mislead receivers. When examining manipulation in communication a guideline must be created to label the different types of deception. This essay will examine different manipulation literature and come to a consensus on what verbal communication manipulation entails.The Co-operative PrincipalThis article presupposes Paul H. Grice's Co-operative principal when examining manipulation. Understanding of western speech and dissertation, including the Information Manipulation Theory, is based off the guidelines of discourse set forth by Grice. He projected a set of broad assumptions to which all conversationalists must follow in order to be perceived as proficient. His basic assumption was that any discourse, whether written or spoken, is a joint effort. Both the speaker and receiver must follow certain syntactic, pragmatic, and semantic rules in order to communicate effectively. Speaker and receiver must co-operate. Grice's Co-operative Principle consists of four maxims: quality, quantity, relevance, and manner.The quantity maxim explains that the speaker has to include all the information that the receiver requires to understand the message. The speaker cannot leave out a crucial piece of information or the addressee will not be clear on what is being said. The other half of the maxim explains that a person should not present more information than is needed. It can be problematic to be too informative because knowledgeable people become bored with redundant information.Manner simply means that the speaker should avoid redundancies and unnecessary information. If the speaker is redundant on a consistent basis than the receiver will lose interest in the discourse. However, a speaker being too brief or concise can lead...

Find Another Essay On This essay analyzes manipulation in verbal communication. It cites various studies done in the late 80's and 90's on the types of verbal deception.

The Importance of Verbal Communication Essay

893 words - 4 pages are speaking to because it shows the seriousness of what you want to say to that person. Following these rules in good grammar will assure good grammar in writing and speaking. My profession is a Sociologist. A Sociologist is someone that studies human social lives. They study the behavior, interaction among, groups, organizations, and nations. I will need strong communication skills to succeed in this profession. I have to be able to communicate

Exploring the Different Types of Non-Verbal Communication

1016 words - 4 pages and it was relay by the sender. The key to successful verbal communication is accurate information. Another vital part of communication is nonverbal communication; it is used 60 to 90 percent of the time in face to face confrontation. Nonverbal communication emphasizes action. It is that component of the message which cannot be articulated in words that is conveyed by nonverbal communication. This method of communication can be symbolic or

Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication

790 words - 3 pages When it comes to communication there are many underlying things that effect the communication besides what is being said these things are nonverbal and unwritten communication. These things are what the mind sees or hears and you don’t necessarily have to recognize those subtle changes. Whether it is in the things you see from subtle facial expression change of the eyes squinting and a turn of the head as something is being spoken, or if it is

Comparison between Australia and New Zealand?s Non-Verbal Communication

1660 words - 7 pages has cultural significance, as it has become a traditional part of their society and historically a symbol of war.On the other hand the Aboriginals do not use chanting as much as the Maori?s however they have various types of singing and instruments. For instance Bunggul singing is known for its intense lyrics, which are often stories of epic journeys and continue, or repeat, unaccompanied after the music has stopped. A well-known musical

Discipline in the 80's Classroom

1735 words - 7 pages Growing up as child of the 80's and early 90's, if I went to school and received a paddling or spanking for doing something wrong, I was quite aware of, or at least had the knowledge of the bad behavior that was disregarded and the consequences of my inappropriate action. Furthermore, being conscious of the fact that my parents were hundred percent supportive of corporal punishment in any school district I attended, whether it

Gay Cinema In The 90's

2476 words - 10 pages together with men in the military and women together with women in both the military and on the home front? (Dyer 1990:111). This situation created conditions in which both men and women could discover their homosexuality and experience it.Since the 1940?s many productions of gay and lesbian films started to bloom.Those productions were all underground and were recognized with the avant-garde movement.During the fifties, the blooming of gay film

Computer Crime in the 90's

2338 words - 9 pages person can be put in prison for up to five years and be fined for up to $ 7500.00.The telephone network is a massive electronic network that depends on thousands of computer run software programs and all this software in theory can be reprogrammed for criminal use. The telephone system is in other words a potentially vulnerable system, by cracking the right codes and inputting the correct passwords a hacker can sabotage a switching system for

Self-Esteem & Media In The 90's - A Reflective Essay

926 words - 4 pages Believe it or not; the media has impacted upon your life in one way or another. The commercials, magazine ads, radio advertisements, they all have done or said something to catch your attention for if nothing else, and extra three seconds. The television commercial is the powerhouse of influential propaganda of today, and the days to come. The music videos on TV often portray women as being inferior. They are not capable to withstand the

Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication in an Episode of Doctor Who

1444 words - 6 pages Communication is a vital component of our world and yet 65% of that communication is nonverbal. I will discuss the different types of verbal and nonverbal communication in this paper based off of an episode of Doctor Who. This episode is about Matt Smiths first time playing The Doctor and the different types of communication that he uses throughout the episode. Matt Smith’s performance in this episode shows me that he a mastery of both verbal

The Differences Between Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

975 words - 4 pages your words by the way you say them through the pitch used, volume level, tone, and how often you pause (Hybels and Weaver 121). The meaning behind verbal communication differs based on metamessages, these are a subtext that give an alternate meaning behind the spoken words. For example, people say things like “Let’s do this again sometime” when in reality they are saying it to be polite, instead of saying something offensive. In addition to

The 90's

1087 words - 5 pages The 90's was the decade of technology with the rise of personal computers, cellular phones, MP3, and Palm Pilots. But perhaps the single most important advance was the growth of the information superhighway - the Internet. The internet revolutionized the way we get our information and entertainment and has made communication as easy as a click of a button.Entertainment.The 90's marked two trends in the way TV networks aimed its television

Similar Essays

This Is An Analysis Of A Public Address. I Chose The 2003 State Of The Union Address. It Analyzes The Setting For The Speech And The Verbal And Non Verbal Communication Skills Used In The Address

1096 words - 4 pages Republican view of things. This was the first time I ever really sat, watched and listened to the State of the Union address by any President. It was a very interesting experience for me. I enjoyed watching the President speak and looking for his non-verbal clues although there were not many to be found. I think he did a good job of trying to get the Nation back on a positive note after all the strife we have been through this year with the continuing fear of terrorist attacks and the concern of our countries military members fighting in the Middle East.Works CitedBusch, George W. "State of the Union address." Capital Hill, Washington D.C.28 January 2003.

Context Of The 50's And 90's In General

536 words - 2 pages Normality was done to with the World War 2 contributing to this and within the 50’s many countries established Welfare in Europe.The 1950’s was an era of post-war where economic problems were being faced by the Axis such as Germany and Italy and wartime rationing ended in many countries.However, it was not too long before in the 1950s the economic reforms began to occur with the recovering former axis countries.Especially, a sharp

American In The 90's Essay

775 words - 3 pages World Trade Centers. This event happened by a truck with bombs planted in the back of it to be parked and detonated under the centers. Even though the bomb had successfully gone off, no significant structural damage took place. This did end up causing wide spread fear of terrorism though. The final fear that made the 90’s such a memorable era was the Hubble Space Telescope failure. After years of design, the Hubble Space Telescope was launched

When Theatre And Violence Clash: A Comparing Essay On 80's And 90's Drama

1197 words - 5 pages cruelty and humour come through, but the terror does not which was exactly the intention Pinter had in this play.The effect of a play on the audience is a very important aspect of delivering a play's message. The only question is whether staging violence is important for the audience's reception of a play or not. When exploring the effect Sarah Kane's "Blasted" had on the audience, it is seen that her purpose of showing the audience the