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This Essay Compares The Writing Of Dante Alighieri Giovanni Boccaccio And, Francesco Petrarca.

2165 words - 9 pages

The Renaissance period is an era to be remembered for a variety of reasons, including the production of great literary pieces of work. Many famous writers became prominent during this period. Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarch, and Giovanni Boccaccio are a few good examples of these types of writers. All three of them shared the same views in respect to how "life is a journey". However, each individual expressed theirs views differently. All three of them presented the three main elements of the Florentine Society during the Renaissance, which were the "popolo vecchio, popolo grasso, and popolo minuto" (Symonds, p.5)The Divine Comedy was written during the period of Dante's exile from his native city of Florence. It was begun perhaps as early as 1307 and the Inferno was complete by 1314. Dante worked on the remaining two thirds of the poem, the Purgatorio, and the Paradiso, in the remaining seven years of his life.The fictional setting of the narrative, however, is 1300, a year and a half before his exile was to begin, during the great Jubilee Year called by Pope Boniface VIII. In the fiction of Dante, the exiled poet, the younger Dante is at the height of his political success (having just been elected to the governing council of Florence), and is widely respected as a talented love poet and as an intellectual of universal interests. He would have had no reason to anticipate his abrupt downfall through partisan politics in the near future.From the perspective of his later life, however, Dante the poet looks back upon what the world would call his period of greatest success, and referred to it as a time of moral failure. To be specific, the poem begins with Dante lost in a famous symbolic landscape (lost in the dark wood). In the brief, terror piles on terror: the wilderness, the near drowning in "the lake of my heart," the "pass that none had ever left alive," and then, just as the danger seems ended, the beasts are introduced--the prowling leopard, the raging lion, and the she-wolf that stalks Dante back into the woods. The context of the writing makes clear the symbolic implications of the scene.From this moment of spiritual confusion and moral isolation Dante takes us with him on his journey through the realms of the dead until finally, in the 100th canto, supposedly wholly reconciled to God, fellow humans, and self, he describes to us his vision of God.The main premise of the poem's fiction is that at the end of the poem Dante, the confused sinner of CANTO I, has become the poet whose integrative vision can recreate the whole universe, and the saved Christian whose self-knowledge can place into perspective his earlier life.As Dante journeys through hell, purgatory, and paradise, therefore, he is also going through states of personal and human potential, and we accompany him on this pilgrimage from darkness to light, from ignorance to wisdom. Part of the poem's fun is involved in watching the pilgrim grow in wisdom and confidence, growing...

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