This Essay Is About The Colonization Of West Africa And The Effects It Had On The People.

1177 words - 5 pages

December 4, 2002Colonization in West AfricaThe West African community has been affected by colonization in many diverse ways, from the introduction of Christian Missionaries to the heart wounding slave trade.The colonization of West Africa can be divided into five major parts; British, French, German, Portuguese and Independent Nation colonization.Africa was colonized principally for its rich natural resource. According to The West Africa Under Colonial Rule by Michael Crowder the land was in great possession of diamonds, gold, tin, groundnuts, cocoa, coffee and other rich mineral resources that may not have been found in Europe (Crowder 274). The British were primarily interested in maintaining a secure communication line to India, which eventually lead to the initial interest in Egypt and other West African countries (Crowder). This was a result of some of the rich resources available in these countries.The British colonization started with the introduction of Christianity. The first people with whom the British first interacted were the people along the coast. They were the first to interact with the Europeans. It all started with the missionaries and when the colonial rulers learned of the fertile and rich resources of the land, they started trading with the people. The colonial masters traded in weapons in exchange of gold, salt, timber, cocoa and other resources. These rich resources were of great value to the Europeans and thus it created some rivalries among the European powers.The presence of weapons and arms on the land created a lot of confusion. It generated a lot of mistrust and misunderstanding among the people. This was because the colonial masters traded the arms with some of the tribes. The tribes did not understand why other tribes should be in the possession of these weapons. Therefore the presence of these weapons created of civil wars among them.The main reason for the presence of the colonial masters on African land was the slave trade. Another name given to the slave trade was the Slave Coast. The Slave Coast was a name given by the Europeans traders to the coast bordering the Bight of Benin on the Gulf Of Guinea, West Africa. It was the principal source of slaves between the 16th and 19th centuries for the Europeans until the slave trade was finally abolished (Crowder 26). The slave trade generated a lot of income for the colonial masters. They needed the slaves to fight in the world wars against Germany. This act separated people from their families and friends forever. In the Gold Coast there was and still is "The Gate of No Return"(Crowder 51). This gate presently can be found in The Cape Coast Castle, situated on the coast of the present day Ghana formerly known as the Gold Coast Colony. According to the Washington Post July 26 the year 2000, African American tourist fled to the slave castles in Ghana through which their ancestors passed. Their trip to the castles was known as "Back to the Land of No Return.". The...

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