This Essay Is On Robert Muldoon, The Former New Zealand Prime Minister And His Role In The 1981 Springbok Tour

509 words - 3 pages

Robert Muldoon was one of the most powerful political figures in New Zealand. Having huge influences on New Zealand politics for almost 20 years, his way and his character were familiar to most New Zealanders in the 70's and 80's.South Africa shocked the world in 1948 when a government that supported a policy called apartheid was elected. This meant that people were separated according to race, sports were also interfered as different races were banned from playing sport together. Many countries stopped playing sports with South Africa, excluding New Zealand. For New Zealand to play their nation sport Rugby against the South African team the Springbok, the New Zealand Rugby Union ...view middle of the document...

To show their displeasure at his action, 21 nations mostly African, walked out of the Montreal Olympic Games.To talk about the damages between African counties and New Zealand, the 1977 Commonwealth meeting at Gleneagles resulted in the Gleneagles Agreement. This agreement put pressure on Muldoon to stop any connections with South Africa. However Muldoon interpreted the agreement that it was a matter for individual sporting parties to decide if they want to tour with South Africa.Muldoon's understanding of the agreement meant that the governments did not prevent the Springbok rugby team's tour of New Zealand in 1981. This saw one of the biggest and violent protests in New Zealand, the national turnout was about 65,000 -75,000, 4 times more than the 1976 protest. The protests were mainly organized by HART (Halt all Racist Tours) and CARE (Citizen's Association for Racial Equality). Many New Zealand had to make the decision to whether they want politics to mix with sports. Muldoon's lack of action to stop the tour made him unpopular in his own country and overseas. Losing support from many other past close countries, New Zealand's collective security was threaten, she was alone.Most people living in New Zealand was either supportive of Muldoon, believing he was right for not interfering with sports and keeping his election promise; or they were against him, believing that he was supporting a racist country and threatening New Zealand's international status. In the end the National party continued to lose popularity and lost the election in 1984.

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