Source of Evil
In William Golding's, Lord of the Flies, the main source of evil is human nature. Golding proves that evil lives inside of every human being. But it takes certain circumstances and situations for the evil that lives in everyone to seep out. The presence of evil in the book leads to the fall of all civilization on the island and to the deaths of Simon and Piggy. Human characteristics, desires, and actions are responsible for all that occurred on the island, especially Simon and Piggy's death.
One characteristic of a human that played a major role in evil that happened on the island in the book is fear. The boys suffer from fear which makes them do evil things. Fear is caused by the unknown. The boys know that they are all alone in an unfamiliar place with no adults and no knowledge of the area. The boys are forced "to look after themselves" (pg21). There is fear that the boys will not have a sturdy shelter to sleep in or a sufficient amount of food to feed everyone so that they do not starve to death. Ralph makes sure that those needs are fulfilled in the beginning. When Ralph is elected chief, he tells Jack that Jack can still lead his choir, and they decide that Jack's group will become "hunters" (pg 23). The boys also fear that they will not survive and make it off the island. Simon mysteriously knows that he is not going to make it off the island, but knows that Ralph is going to survive. Simon says to Jack, "You'll get back where you came from" (pg 111).
Fear seems to affect everyone except for Simon. Ralph states the fact that Piggy needs to be informed that the rest of the boys will not be home until after dark. But Ralph also says that they can only afford to send on person. Simon willingly and courageously and volunteers himself when he turns to Ralph and says, "I'll go if you like. I don't mind, honestly" (pg117). Everyone else is too scared to go and inform Piggy. Simon also shows that he does not fear the "beast" when he goes and investigates the feared specimen on the hill. Jack's tribe begins to beat Simon's innocent body as Simon is "crying out something about a dead man on a hill" (pg 152). Jack's tribe mistakes Simon for the beast that turns out to be a parachute. By the time that Jack's tribe figures out that Simon is not the beast, it is too late. Since Simon does not fear the harmless "beast", he is looked at as innocent and angelic. He is the "Christ" figure in the novel.
Humans need and desire power, and that leads to evil. Humans like to feel in charge and having lots of control. Golding displays this through actions of the characters, especially Jack. In the beginning of the novel, Jack wants power. In the first meeting, the conclusion is drawn that the boys on the island must have a leader. Jack arrogantly states, "I ought to be chief... I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp" (pg...