This Essay Was Written About George Orwell's Novel 1984. It Has A Small Biography, A Synopsis, Theme, Structural Feature, Literary Merit, And 3 References

924 words - 4 pages

19841. BiographyGeorge Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, a Britishwriter with political conscience. He was born in India buteducated in England at Eton College. He served the IndianImperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927. In sick health, hereturned to Europe to live in poverty as a struggling writer.Orwell joined the Republican forces in the Spanish civil war, andwrote a chilling account of this experience. He went on to writemany books, mostly autobiographical, and achieved successes as abrilliant writer.2. SynopsisThe novel takes place in a theoretical and fictional dystopiantotalitarian society. The story begins in London on April 4, 1984after an atomic world war divides the world into three states.London is the capital of Oceania which is run by INGSOC(EnglishSocialism). The controllers are called "The Party." The Party isdivided into two sections, The Inner Party, and The Outer Partywhich are the "Rich" and the "middle-class." There is a thirdgroup of people called "The Proles," or "The Proletariat" whichare the poor, and considered to be animals by the party. The mainleader of this government is Big Brother. The novel is told inthird person and partly first person, and is also divided intothree parts. In the first part the main character and hisconflicts with the world he lives in are revealed. Winston Smithis a bureaucrat who works for the government by altering historyat the Ministry of Truth. He begins to ponder the reason thingsare so bad and commits a terrible crime. In the second part, hefalls in love with Julia, and is taken in by a man named O'Brien,a member of the anti-party society called the Brotherhood. O'Brienturns out to be a true member of The Inner Party. Winston andJulia are captured and hauled off to the Ministry of Love(Minilove in Newspeak). Here, during the final part of the story,Winston is incarcerated and rehabilitated by The Party. O'Brienconstantly tells Winston that Winston is crazy, and that he istrying to help him. During these sessions he reveals the truepurposes of INGSOC. The party's goals can be summed up in theirmottoes. "WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, and IGNORANCE ISSTRENGTH(Orwell, 7)."3. ThemeUnder the rule of INGSOC, members of The Party are engrossed intheir work. It is essential that the government keeps its peoplehappy in order to avoid rebellions and "thought crimes."Winston's greatest downfall springs from his only pleasure, hiswork. He found it easy to become lost in the intricacies of hisduties guided only by the principles of INGSOC and his bestestimate of what the Party wanted him to say. A typical taskmight include correcting an article in the Times, written entirelyin Newspeak. In one instance he reviews an article whichread:times 3.12.83 reporting bb dayorder doubleplusungood refsunpersons rewrite fullwise upsub antefiling(Dr. Tom Costa., 1).In Oldspeak (or standard English) this might be rendered:The reporting of Big Brother's Order for the Day in the Times ofDecember 3rd...

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