This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

This Essay Will Aim To Discuss Durkheim And Marx In The Context Of Sociology Of Religion.

1967 words - 8 pages

This essay will aim to discuss Durkheim and Marx in the context of sociology of religion. The first part will briefly define religion and then acknowledge Durkheim being a functionalist and Marx and his conflict theory. Finally will then go onto compare and contrast both their ideas on religion.Religion is a way of life and can be a type of government, as it entails rules that are set out and have to be followed.Religion is also a set of beliefs that people often commit themselves to as they want to put their faith into something. As part of the cultural system, religious beliefs give meaning to life, they answer"Mans questions about himself and the world he lives in". (Haralambos, 2000, pg651)Durkheim was a functionalist and functionalism still has validity in sociology. He suggested that society is best studied if it can be compared to the human body.The idea to compare was logical in Durkheim's time although it may not be now. He studied the human body and suggested this idea. As understanding society means understanding the co-operative nature of it. Religion for Durkheim was the way in which a society sensed the world around it, probed and imagined its environment and symbolised whatever might nourish or threaten it. (Fenn, 2003, pg9)From a functionalist perspective, Durkheim's interpretation of religion was the most influential as he argues that all societies divide the world into two categories, 'the sacred' and 'the profane'. (Haralambos, 2000, pg647)Durkheim suggested,"Religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things, that is to say things set apart and forbidden, beliefs and practices which write into one single moral community called a church, all those who adhere to them" (Thompson, 1982, pg129)By this what he meant was that for something to be sacred it has to be a symbol and what it represents must be evident.Durkheim studied the first basic form of religions the Australian Aboriginals to strengthen his argument. This religion is also known as Totemism and is divided into different clans. Each clan has its own Totem which is a symbol to differentiate one clan from another. As Durkheim quoted,"It is its flag; it is the sign by which each clan distinguishes itself from all others" (Haralambos, 2000, pg 648)When Aboriginals come together to worship it gives strength to the group and reinforces group identity or form and this is seen as a good thing. Although religion can often cause war and conflict so therefore what Durkheim said is not the whole story, as society will become more complex. It may bring conflict with another group or religion, as people become bogged down with their own beliefs to consider or appreciate anybody else's. This makes it hard to learn or engage in other things in the rest of the world. There is no diversity.Durkheim's concern was ultimately both present and practical,"If we have taken primitive religion as the subject of our research," he insisted, "it is because it has seemed...

Find Another Essay On This essay will aim to discuss Durkheim and Marx in the context of sociology of religion.

The Difference Between Medieval And Early Modern Is One Of Degree Rather Than Strict Demarcation." Discuss This Idea In The Context Of Any Two Writers You Have Read

1733 words - 7 pages /timestopics/people/w/matthew_l_wald/index.html). "Calls to Use Yucca Mountain as a Nuclear Waste Site, Now Deemed Safe" is one of the most attracting article of Matthew which was published in The New York Times on October 16, 2014. The article demonstrates the issue about nuclear waste site that is very controversial today. This assignment will summarize some main points and assess subjectively about this article.The article shows the case of using Yucca

This essay is a general topic that will discuss the pros and cons of a patent and also give a conclusion

1907 words - 8 pages Pros: When we think of patents we think of people who invent things and want to protect the product in which they have created. This initially would keep people from copying your idea and or stealing it. A patent is nothing more than an entitlement to a certain product that you have chosen to invent, manufacture, use for a specific period of time, and market. Patents are generally issued by the government or the United States Patent and

This paper is over discrimination in the workplace. I will discuss an incident of discrimination that I experienced as a relative to the victim

1094 words - 4 pages AbstractThis paper is over discrimination in the workplace. I will discuss an incident ofdiscrimination that I experienced as a relative to the victim. Along with a detaileddescription of this event, I will compare the rights of others who are not consideredemployees of an organization as they pertain to this case. This is written in APA format.Discrimination any situation in which a group or individual is treated unfavorablybased on prejudice

"The difference between medieval and early modern is one of degree rather than strict demarcation." Discuss this idea in the context of any two writers you have read.(Everyman and Dr Faustus)

2428 words - 10 pages rife in the established Church, and there was widespread dissatisfaction with the papal organisation which, according to Erasmus, was felt to be dominated by ignorant monks. The subsequent Reformation changed the form and understanding of religion, making it more accessible to the average person by removing the intercessory functions of priests and bishops, and giving ordinary people more control over their spiritual state. This religious change

Subject for this Essay should be under "Information Technology" I will discuss Army Kowledge Online and the Army Knowledge Management strategy

680 words - 3 pages Technology plays a huge role in the Army of today. We have a number of information technology systems in place at any given time. Those systems and their characteristics change as the mission of the Army changes. These changes take place regularly and rapidly in order to provide the most effective technological information possible. For the purpose of this paper, I will discuss some of the major characteristics of the Army's information

The following Essay will aim to explain in terms of psychological study why familiarity is attractive

567 words - 2 pages people becoming friends is how close they live to each other. This is because it is much easier to get to know them as you will see them regularly. This then leads to the exposure effect. So therefore the regularity of contact increases the liking or disliking of someone. Some cynics would say,‘Familiarity breeds contempt’. (Cullis etal, 1999, pg296)But many social psychologists would disagree and say the more familiar people become with someone

Mexican Society in the eyes of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim

1259 words - 5 pages In the article titled “Mexican official's daughter gets restaurant closed after she didn't get table she wanted” gives us the opportunity to explore a current event in Mexican society and the influence of social media which we attempt to view through the eyes of both Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. We will focus on Karl Marx’s conflict theory of capitalism and Emile Durkheim’s structural functionalism theory of dynamic density. Both theories

Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology

2473 words - 10 pages different ideas of how a society should be there will be several views of what is considered deviant or not. An issue many people have with Durkheim is the fact that we call him the father of sociology. Many people feeling that August Comte talks about the division of labor and it leads to bonds within society. Also, Karl Marx is said to have a better understanding on how imperative division of labor can be within the different social

Discuss the Historical and Social context of America in 1980s in relation to "Moonstruck"?

540 words - 2 pages The film, "Moonstruck" (1987), was set in the 1980s in America and was notably appropriated from "A Midsummer's Night Dream (Shakespeare)". In order to appreciate the aesthetic value of this appropriation, research must be conducted into the historical and societal context of this film.Being set in America in 1987, society at that time was developing. To give a brief idea of America at that time, it had a population of 226,54600, had a life

The Significance for Economic Anthropology of the Work of Marx and Durkheim

1669 words - 7 pages production and worker alienation. To conclude, Durkheim overruled the notion that political economy should be seen entirely objectively, and deliberated economic facts to be a matter of opinion, yet Marx supported the idea of objectivity towards a political economy. Bibliography Althusser, L., (1965), ‘The Object of Capital’, in Reading Capital. London: New Left Books. Durkheim, E., (1951), Suicide: A Study in Sociology. NY: The Free Press

The Ideology of Karl Marx on Sociology

929 words - 4 pages landlords using land in a capitalist manner. The aim of the capitalist (bourgeoisie) is to expand capital in such as surplus value (profit), rents or interest. (www.uregina.ca, 2013) The proletariat is described as a free class. Individuals in this category depend on the capitalists (bourgeoisie) to earn their wages. The proletariats own no property and they had to therefore sell their labour force to the capitalist. Marx indicates that it is

Similar Essays

Can And Should Sociology Be Value Free. This Essay Is About The Aim Of Sociology That Is To Be Value Free And Whether It Can And Should Achieve That Aim

2145 words - 9 pages religion and superstition. This will enable progressive growth and development of society.Sociology should be value free in order for it to be accepted by all people regardless of races, religions or status. There may be biasness towards a race or a religion if sociology is not freed from values. This will only cause more problems in the world. A group of people may feel more superior than other groups. For example, the Nazi believed that their race

This Essay Will Aim To Explain The Main Differences Between Marxian, Durkheimian, And Weberian Approaches To Social Inequality

1492 words - 6 pages This essay will aim to explain the main differences between Marxian, Durkheimian, and Weberian approaches to social inequality. It will begin with each Marx's approach to social inequality, which he believed economic factors to be the sole cause of this social phenomenon. Marx was born in the aftermath of the French revolution where the governing elite was overthrown by the bourgeoisie allowing capitalism to develop. This in turn gave rise to a

Sensitive Mothering Is Essential To The Social And Emotional Development Of The Child. Discuss This Statement In The Context Of Relevant Developme

2296 words - 10 pages A mother’s role is of great significance to every child’s development. This essay aims to focus on the role of the mother in terms of sensitive and insensitive mothering (Ainsworth in Smith, Cowie & Blades, 2003) and how each affects the child socially and emotionally. We will explore Bowlby’s attachment theory (Bowlby 1988) and view Ainsworth’s research regarding the types of attachment (Ainsworth in Barnes, 1995). Furthermore we will look into

How Will These Changes To Employment Legislation Affect Hrm Function? Discuss The Pros And Cons Of This

597 words - 3 pages $2,500-such as clerical staff and front-line service staff –are now protected in terms of working hours, rest days and overtime payments. However, the limit of overtime pay is S$2250.It means that overtime pay per hour is S$17.7. There are few workers would agree with this change of the employment legislation. Thus, fewer workers will volunteer to work overtime. Furthermore, companies will employ more experiences and skilled workers from Singapore or foreign countries. Thus, unskilled workmen would not have more job opportunity. Therefore, government should arrange these groups of people as well.