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This Is A History Paper Covering The Twenties Through The Forties.

2127 words - 9 pages

Three Decades That Changed the WorldThree Decades that Changed the WorldThis paper reflects on three major historical turning points that occurred between World War II and the 1970s. The points that will be discussed are World War II (WWII), the Civil Rights Movement, and the Vietnam War. The following will analyze the effects these turning points had on society during the time they took place as well as how they still continue to affect American life to this day.World War IIIn the 1930s, America was reeling from the Great Depression, the global economy was failing, and three power hungry dictators were attempting to take over the world. Germany was in shambles due to the previous world war and the Treaty of Versailles had all but bankrupted the country. Adolph Hitler was made chancellor and quickly put plans in place to get Germany out of the crisis it was in, but he was also a crazed dictator who had his own agenda. The United States was wary of joining another worldwide conflict after seeing all of the carnage in World War I and it was also still dealing with the effects of the Great Depression. Most Americans were focused on the economy and issues on the home front instead of what was going on in Europe and points to the East. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), while wanting to avoid another war, saw an opportunity to help Britain and France and boost the American economy at the same time. Like Germany, Britain as well as most of Europe, was still recovering from World War I. Most of the industrial centers were destroyed and this proved to be an economic advantage for the United States as all of the fighting during the war took place in Europe. Between 1935 and 1937 Congress passed a series of acts that placed embargoes on Germany, Italy, and Japan. The countries were showing aggression to their neighboring countries and they would soon be known as the Axis Powers. Germany was the most aggressive of the three countries and in September 1939, Hitler and his army invaded Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany, and World War II had begun.Despite the isolationism generated during the Great Depression, FDR sought to assist Britain and France against the advancing German army and allowed them to purchase arms from the United States. This helped create jobs which in turn boosted the economy. The isolationistic ideals of the American public changed dramatically when Hitler launched his "Blitzkrieg" in the spring of 1940. In the summer of that same year, Hitler set his sights on the city of London and began bombing the city into submission. He thought that targeting civilians during the bombing campaigns would bring the country to its knees. The American public sympathized with the British people and FDR asked Congress to increase defense spending so the United States could send surplus weaponry to Britain. That same month, Winston Churchill was appointed Prime Minister and would later form and alliance with FDR. This alliance would...

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