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This Isn't Really A True Essay But Rather Many Helpful Terms Acquired From My World Religion Class. These Terms Apply To Many Religions Around The World Wether They Be Current Or Of The Past.

1140 words - 5 pages

Torah -(Hebrew, "law" or "doctrine"), in Judaism, the Pentateuch, especially when in the form of a parchment scroll for reading in the synagogue. The Torah is the cornerstone of Jewish religion and law.Mishnah, first part of the Talmud, a codification of the oral law of the Old Testament and of the political and civil laws of the Jews. It was compiled and edited (orally) in the last quarter of the 2nd century ad or the first quarter of the 3rd century by Rabbi Judah (circa 135-c. 220), known as ha-Kadosh (Hebrew, "the Saint") or ha-Nasi (Hebrew, "the Prince" or "the Patriarch"), but generally known to devout Jews simply as "Rabbi."Talmud, body of Jewish civil and religious law, including commentaries on the Torah, or Pentateuch. The Talmud consists of a codification of laws, called the Mishnah, and a commentary on the Mishnah, called the Gemara. The material in the Talmud that concerns decisions by scholars on disputed legal questions is known as the Halakhah; the legends, anecdotes, and sayings in the Talmud that are used to illustrate the traditional law are known as Haggada.Talmud, body of Jewish civil and religious law, including commentaries on the Torah, or Pentateuch. The Talmud consists of a codification of laws, called the Mishnah, and a commentary on the Mishnah, called the Gemara. The material in the Talmud that concerns decisions by scholars on disputed legal questions is known as the Halakhah; the legends, anecdotes, and sayings in the Talmud that are used to illustrate the traditional law are known as Haggada.Four Noble Truths (Sanskrit Catvari-Arya-Satyani), the four fundamental principles of Buddhism, expounded by the Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, after his enlightenment in the 6th century bc. The first truth is the Holy Truth of Suffering: All existence is suffering (dukkha). The second is the Holy Truth of the Cause of Suffering: The cause (samudaya) of suffering is ignorant craving (tanha) for pleasure, striving for life, and the assumption that everything ends at death. The third truth is the Holy Truth of the Cessation of Suffering: Suffering can cease (nirodha) by withdrawal from and renunciation of craving. The fourth truth is the Holy Truth of the Way to the Cessation of Suffering:Atman, in Hinduism, term for the breath or the soul and principle of life. The atman, or individual soul, however, is believed to be identical with Brahman, the universal world soul, or godhead. In Hindu philosophy, the term atman also designates the true essence of anything, including the universe. The atman is said to be the only thing that truly exists, an immortal substance that transmigrates from body to body.Brahman (social class), also spelled Brahmin, name of the sacerdotal, or highest, class (varna) in the system of HinduismMany Hindus worship daily the deity they have personally chosen. This personal deity is known as the ishta-devatā. Household pūjā usually consists of worshiping the ishta-devatā with prayer and...

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